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Understanding the transfer of contemporary temperature signals into lake sediments via paired oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates and diatom silica: Problems and potential

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Understanding the transfer of contemporary temperature signals into lake sediments via paired oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates and diatom silica : Problems and potential. / Ryves, D.B.; Leng, M.J.; Barker, P.A.; Snelling, A.M.; Sloane, H.J.; Arrowsmith, C.; Tyler, J.J.; Scott, D.R.; Radbourne, A.D.; Anderson, N.J.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 552, 119705, 01.10.2020.

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Harvard

Ryves, DB, Leng, MJ, Barker, PA, Snelling, AM, Sloane, HJ, Arrowsmith, C, Tyler, JJ, Scott, DR, Radbourne, AD & Anderson, NJ 2020, 'Understanding the transfer of contemporary temperature signals into lake sediments via paired oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates and diatom silica: Problems and potential', Chemical Geology, vol. 552, 119705. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119705

APA

Ryves, D. B., Leng, M. J., Barker, P. A., Snelling, A. M., Sloane, H. J., Arrowsmith, C., Tyler, J. J., Scott, D. R., Radbourne, A. D., & Anderson, N. J. (2020). Understanding the transfer of contemporary temperature signals into lake sediments via paired oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates and diatom silica: Problems and potential. Chemical Geology, 552, [119705]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119705

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Ryves, D.B. ; Leng, M.J. ; Barker, P.A. ; Snelling, A.M. ; Sloane, H.J. ; Arrowsmith, C. ; Tyler, J.J. ; Scott, D.R. ; Radbourne, A.D. ; Anderson, N.J. / Understanding the transfer of contemporary temperature signals into lake sediments via paired oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates and diatom silica : Problems and potential. In: Chemical Geology. 2020 ; Vol. 552.

Bibtex

@article{5ddff3d7b02b4bb4b4cc00dc06b91847,
title = "Understanding the transfer of contemporary temperature signals into lake sediments via paired oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates and diatom silica: Problems and potential",
abstract = "Although the oxygen isotope composition (δ18O) of calcite (δ18Ocalcite) and, to a lesser extent, diatom silica (δ18Odiatom) are widely used tracers of past hydroclimates (especially temperature and surface water hydrology), the degree to which these two hosts simultaneously acquire their isotope signals in modern lacustrine environments, or how these are altered during initial sedimentation, is poorly understood. Here, we present a unique dataset from a natural limnological laboratory to explore these issues. This study compares oxygen and hydrogen isotope data (δ18O, δ2H) of contemporary lake water samples at ~2-weekly intervals over a 2-year period (2010–12) with matching collections of diatoms (δ18Odiatom) and calcite (δ18Ocalcite) from sediment traps (at 10 m and 25 m) at Rostherne Mere (maximum depth 30 m), a well-monitored, eutrophic, seasonally stratified monomictic lake in the UK. The epilimnion shows a seasonal pattern of rising temperature and summer evaporative enrichment in 18O, and while there is a temperature imprint in both δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite, there is significant inter-annual variability in both of these signals. The interpretation of δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite values is complicated due to in-lake processes (e.g. non-equilibrium calcite precipitation, especially in spring, leading to significant 18Ocalcite depletion), and for δ18Odiatom, by post-mortem, depositional and possibly dissolution or diagenetic effects. For 2010 and 2011 respectively, there is a strong temperature dependence of δ18Ocalcite and δ18Odiatom in fresh trap material, with the fractionation slope for δ18Odiatom of ca. −0.2‰/°C, in agreement with several other studies. The δ18Odiatom data indicate the initiation of rapid post-mortem secondary alteration of fresh diatom silica (within ~6 months), with some trap material undergoing partial maturation in situ. Diatom δ18O of the trap material is also influenced by resuspension of diatom frustules from surface sediments (notably in summer 2011), with the net effect seen as an enrichment of deep-trap 18Odiatom by about +0.7‰ relative to shallow-trap values. Contact with anoxic water and anaerobic bacteria are potentially key to initiating this silica maturation process, as deep-trap samples that were removed prior to anoxia developing do not show enrichment. Dissolution (perhaps enhanced by anaerobic bacterial communities) may also be responsible for changes to δ18Odiatom that lead to increasing, but potentially predictable, error in inferred temperatures using this proxy. High resolution, multi-year monitoring can shed light on the complex dynamics affecting δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite and supports the careful use of sedimentary δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite as containing valuable hydroclimatic signals especially at a multi-annual resolution, although there remain substantial challenges to developing a reliable geothermometer on paired δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite. In particular, δ18Odiatom needs cautious interpretation where silica post-mortem secondary alteration is incomplete and diatom preservation is not perfect, and we recommend dissolution be routinely assessed on diatom samples used for isotopic analyses.",
keywords = "Dissolution, Isotope systematics, Rostherne Mere, Sediment trap, Silica, Taphonomy, Anoxic water, Bacteria, Calcite, Isotopes, Lakes, Sediments, Temperature distribution, Calcite precipitation, Interannual variability, Oxygen and hydrogen isotopes, Oxygen isotope composition, Oxygen isotope ratios, Secondary alteration, Surface water hydrology, Temperature dependence, carbonate sediment, diatom, isotopic analysis, isotopic composition, lacustrine deposit, lacustrine environment, oxygen isotope ratio, sediment chemistry, sedimentation, silica, temperature profile, tracer, Bacillariophyta, Bacteria (microorganisms)",
author = "D.B. Ryves and M.J. Leng and P.A. Barker and A.M. Snelling and H.J. Sloane and C. Arrowsmith and J.J. Tyler and D.R. Scott and A.D. Radbourne and N.J. Anderson",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119705",
language = "English",
volume = "552",
journal = "Chemical Geology",
issn = "0009-2541",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding the transfer of contemporary temperature signals into lake sediments via paired oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates and diatom silica

T2 - Problems and potential

AU - Ryves, D.B.

AU - Leng, M.J.

AU - Barker, P.A.

AU - Snelling, A.M.

AU - Sloane, H.J.

AU - Arrowsmith, C.

AU - Tyler, J.J.

AU - Scott, D.R.

AU - Radbourne, A.D.

AU - Anderson, N.J.

PY - 2020/10/1

Y1 - 2020/10/1

N2 - Although the oxygen isotope composition (δ18O) of calcite (δ18Ocalcite) and, to a lesser extent, diatom silica (δ18Odiatom) are widely used tracers of past hydroclimates (especially temperature and surface water hydrology), the degree to which these two hosts simultaneously acquire their isotope signals in modern lacustrine environments, or how these are altered during initial sedimentation, is poorly understood. Here, we present a unique dataset from a natural limnological laboratory to explore these issues. This study compares oxygen and hydrogen isotope data (δ18O, δ2H) of contemporary lake water samples at ~2-weekly intervals over a 2-year period (2010–12) with matching collections of diatoms (δ18Odiatom) and calcite (δ18Ocalcite) from sediment traps (at 10 m and 25 m) at Rostherne Mere (maximum depth 30 m), a well-monitored, eutrophic, seasonally stratified monomictic lake in the UK. The epilimnion shows a seasonal pattern of rising temperature and summer evaporative enrichment in 18O, and while there is a temperature imprint in both δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite, there is significant inter-annual variability in both of these signals. The interpretation of δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite values is complicated due to in-lake processes (e.g. non-equilibrium calcite precipitation, especially in spring, leading to significant 18Ocalcite depletion), and for δ18Odiatom, by post-mortem, depositional and possibly dissolution or diagenetic effects. For 2010 and 2011 respectively, there is a strong temperature dependence of δ18Ocalcite and δ18Odiatom in fresh trap material, with the fractionation slope for δ18Odiatom of ca. −0.2‰/°C, in agreement with several other studies. The δ18Odiatom data indicate the initiation of rapid post-mortem secondary alteration of fresh diatom silica (within ~6 months), with some trap material undergoing partial maturation in situ. Diatom δ18O of the trap material is also influenced by resuspension of diatom frustules from surface sediments (notably in summer 2011), with the net effect seen as an enrichment of deep-trap 18Odiatom by about +0.7‰ relative to shallow-trap values. Contact with anoxic water and anaerobic bacteria are potentially key to initiating this silica maturation process, as deep-trap samples that were removed prior to anoxia developing do not show enrichment. Dissolution (perhaps enhanced by anaerobic bacterial communities) may also be responsible for changes to δ18Odiatom that lead to increasing, but potentially predictable, error in inferred temperatures using this proxy. High resolution, multi-year monitoring can shed light on the complex dynamics affecting δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite and supports the careful use of sedimentary δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite as containing valuable hydroclimatic signals especially at a multi-annual resolution, although there remain substantial challenges to developing a reliable geothermometer on paired δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite. In particular, δ18Odiatom needs cautious interpretation where silica post-mortem secondary alteration is incomplete and diatom preservation is not perfect, and we recommend dissolution be routinely assessed on diatom samples used for isotopic analyses.

AB - Although the oxygen isotope composition (δ18O) of calcite (δ18Ocalcite) and, to a lesser extent, diatom silica (δ18Odiatom) are widely used tracers of past hydroclimates (especially temperature and surface water hydrology), the degree to which these two hosts simultaneously acquire their isotope signals in modern lacustrine environments, or how these are altered during initial sedimentation, is poorly understood. Here, we present a unique dataset from a natural limnological laboratory to explore these issues. This study compares oxygen and hydrogen isotope data (δ18O, δ2H) of contemporary lake water samples at ~2-weekly intervals over a 2-year period (2010–12) with matching collections of diatoms (δ18Odiatom) and calcite (δ18Ocalcite) from sediment traps (at 10 m and 25 m) at Rostherne Mere (maximum depth 30 m), a well-monitored, eutrophic, seasonally stratified monomictic lake in the UK. The epilimnion shows a seasonal pattern of rising temperature and summer evaporative enrichment in 18O, and while there is a temperature imprint in both δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite, there is significant inter-annual variability in both of these signals. The interpretation of δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite values is complicated due to in-lake processes (e.g. non-equilibrium calcite precipitation, especially in spring, leading to significant 18Ocalcite depletion), and for δ18Odiatom, by post-mortem, depositional and possibly dissolution or diagenetic effects. For 2010 and 2011 respectively, there is a strong temperature dependence of δ18Ocalcite and δ18Odiatom in fresh trap material, with the fractionation slope for δ18Odiatom of ca. −0.2‰/°C, in agreement with several other studies. The δ18Odiatom data indicate the initiation of rapid post-mortem secondary alteration of fresh diatom silica (within ~6 months), with some trap material undergoing partial maturation in situ. Diatom δ18O of the trap material is also influenced by resuspension of diatom frustules from surface sediments (notably in summer 2011), with the net effect seen as an enrichment of deep-trap 18Odiatom by about +0.7‰ relative to shallow-trap values. Contact with anoxic water and anaerobic bacteria are potentially key to initiating this silica maturation process, as deep-trap samples that were removed prior to anoxia developing do not show enrichment. Dissolution (perhaps enhanced by anaerobic bacterial communities) may also be responsible for changes to δ18Odiatom that lead to increasing, but potentially predictable, error in inferred temperatures using this proxy. High resolution, multi-year monitoring can shed light on the complex dynamics affecting δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite and supports the careful use of sedimentary δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite as containing valuable hydroclimatic signals especially at a multi-annual resolution, although there remain substantial challenges to developing a reliable geothermometer on paired δ18Odiatom and δ18Ocalcite. In particular, δ18Odiatom needs cautious interpretation where silica post-mortem secondary alteration is incomplete and diatom preservation is not perfect, and we recommend dissolution be routinely assessed on diatom samples used for isotopic analyses.

KW - Dissolution

KW - Isotope systematics

KW - Rostherne Mere

KW - Sediment trap

KW - Silica

KW - Taphonomy

KW - Anoxic water

KW - Bacteria

KW - Calcite

KW - Isotopes

KW - Lakes

KW - Sediments

KW - Temperature distribution

KW - Calcite precipitation

KW - Interannual variability

KW - Oxygen and hydrogen isotopes

KW - Oxygen isotope composition

KW - Oxygen isotope ratios

KW - Secondary alteration

KW - Surface water hydrology

KW - Temperature dependence

KW - carbonate sediment

KW - diatom

KW - isotopic analysis

KW - isotopic composition

KW - lacustrine deposit

KW - lacustrine environment

KW - oxygen isotope ratio

KW - sediment chemistry

KW - sedimentation

KW - silica

KW - temperature profile

KW - tracer

KW - Bacillariophyta

KW - Bacteria (microorganisms)

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119705

DO - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119705

M3 - Journal article

VL - 552

JO - Chemical Geology

JF - Chemical Geology

SN - 0009-2541

M1 - 119705

ER -