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Variability in tree water uptake determined with stable water isotopes in an African tropical montane forest

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Variability in tree water uptake determined with stable water isotopes in an African tropical montane forest. / Hahn, M.; Jacobs, S.R.; Breuer, L. et al.

In: Ecohydrology, Vol. 14, No. 3, 20.04.2021.

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Hahn M, Jacobs SR, Breuer L, Rufino MC, Windhorst D. Variability in tree water uptake determined with stable water isotopes in an African tropical montane forest. Ecohydrology. 2021 Apr 20;14(3). Epub 2021 Jan 15. doi: 10.1002/eco.2278

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Hahn, M. ; Jacobs, S.R. ; Breuer, L. et al. / Variability in tree water uptake determined with stable water isotopes in an African tropical montane forest. In: Ecohydrology. 2021 ; Vol. 14, No. 3.

Bibtex

@article{75d90693a22c46f1a44c0594341ccd8a,
title = "Variability in tree water uptake determined with stable water isotopes in an African tropical montane forest",
abstract = "Ecohydrological processes in tropical rainforests are insufficiently understood, and existing studies yield contradictory results. We investigated relative contributions of different soil depths to tree water uptake of 83 trees and possible species-specific differences in a 50 × 50 m forest plot at four dates in a tropical montane forest in Kenya using stable water isotopes and the Bayesian mixing model framework MixSIAR. We found distinct individual tree differences (e.g. Drypetes gerrardii taking 75% of its water from <0.5 m, or a rather large shift in uptake patterns based on the climatic conditions, that is the fourth sampling date), but no consistent species-specific or small-scale spatiotemporal patterns in water uptake and depth contributions. Soil water δ18O showed a lateral variation of up to 6‰, which was accounted for by a spatial interpolation of soil water isotopes and enabled us to improve allocations of water uptake sources to individual trees. Our results show that ignoring the lateral variability of water isotope signatures in soils complicates the applicability of a mixing model in this context and might be a widespread constraint reducing the validity and comparability of mixing model results. Further research on underlying processes of water fluxes in forest ecosystems is urgently needed and we point out the need for considering large individual differences in water uptake patterns and small-scale variability of soil water isotopic composition despite homogeneous soil characteristics.",
keywords = "Bayesian mixing model, deuterium, hydrogen isotopes, montane forest, oxygen isotopes, stable water isotopes, tree water uptake, Ecosystems, Isotopes, Mixing, Soil moisture, Tropics, Individual Differences, Relative contribution, Small scale variability, Spatial interpolation, Spatiotemporal patterns, Stable water isotopes, Tropical montane forest, Tropical rain forest, Forestry",
author = "M. Hahn and S.R. Jacobs and L. Breuer and M.C. Rufino and D. Windhorst",
note = "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hahn, M, Jacobs, SR, Breuer, L, Rufino, MC, Windhorst, D. Variability in tree water uptake determined with stable water isotopes in an African tropical montane forest. Ecohydrology. 2021; 14:e2278. https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.2278 Which has been published in final form at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eco.2278 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.",
year = "2021",
month = apr,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1002/eco.2278",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "Ecohydrology",
issn = "1936-0584",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Variability in tree water uptake determined with stable water isotopes in an African tropical montane forest

AU - Hahn, M.

AU - Jacobs, S.R.

AU - Breuer, L.

AU - Rufino, M.C.

AU - Windhorst, D.

N1 - This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hahn, M, Jacobs, SR, Breuer, L, Rufino, MC, Windhorst, D. Variability in tree water uptake determined with stable water isotopes in an African tropical montane forest. Ecohydrology. 2021; 14:e2278. https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.2278 Which has been published in final form at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eco.2278 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

PY - 2021/4/20

Y1 - 2021/4/20

N2 - Ecohydrological processes in tropical rainforests are insufficiently understood, and existing studies yield contradictory results. We investigated relative contributions of different soil depths to tree water uptake of 83 trees and possible species-specific differences in a 50 × 50 m forest plot at four dates in a tropical montane forest in Kenya using stable water isotopes and the Bayesian mixing model framework MixSIAR. We found distinct individual tree differences (e.g. Drypetes gerrardii taking 75% of its water from <0.5 m, or a rather large shift in uptake patterns based on the climatic conditions, that is the fourth sampling date), but no consistent species-specific or small-scale spatiotemporal patterns in water uptake and depth contributions. Soil water δ18O showed a lateral variation of up to 6‰, which was accounted for by a spatial interpolation of soil water isotopes and enabled us to improve allocations of water uptake sources to individual trees. Our results show that ignoring the lateral variability of water isotope signatures in soils complicates the applicability of a mixing model in this context and might be a widespread constraint reducing the validity and comparability of mixing model results. Further research on underlying processes of water fluxes in forest ecosystems is urgently needed and we point out the need for considering large individual differences in water uptake patterns and small-scale variability of soil water isotopic composition despite homogeneous soil characteristics.

AB - Ecohydrological processes in tropical rainforests are insufficiently understood, and existing studies yield contradictory results. We investigated relative contributions of different soil depths to tree water uptake of 83 trees and possible species-specific differences in a 50 × 50 m forest plot at four dates in a tropical montane forest in Kenya using stable water isotopes and the Bayesian mixing model framework MixSIAR. We found distinct individual tree differences (e.g. Drypetes gerrardii taking 75% of its water from <0.5 m, or a rather large shift in uptake patterns based on the climatic conditions, that is the fourth sampling date), but no consistent species-specific or small-scale spatiotemporal patterns in water uptake and depth contributions. Soil water δ18O showed a lateral variation of up to 6‰, which was accounted for by a spatial interpolation of soil water isotopes and enabled us to improve allocations of water uptake sources to individual trees. Our results show that ignoring the lateral variability of water isotope signatures in soils complicates the applicability of a mixing model in this context and might be a widespread constraint reducing the validity and comparability of mixing model results. Further research on underlying processes of water fluxes in forest ecosystems is urgently needed and we point out the need for considering large individual differences in water uptake patterns and small-scale variability of soil water isotopic composition despite homogeneous soil characteristics.

KW - Bayesian mixing model

KW - deuterium

KW - hydrogen isotopes

KW - montane forest

KW - oxygen isotopes

KW - stable water isotopes

KW - tree water uptake

KW - Ecosystems

KW - Isotopes

KW - Mixing

KW - Soil moisture

KW - Tropics

KW - Individual Differences

KW - Relative contribution

KW - Small scale variability

KW - Spatial interpolation

KW - Spatiotemporal patterns

KW - Stable water isotopes

KW - Tropical montane forest

KW - Tropical rain forest

KW - Forestry

U2 - 10.1002/eco.2278

DO - 10.1002/eco.2278

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

JO - Ecohydrology

JF - Ecohydrology

SN - 1936-0584

IS - 3

ER -