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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: V. Partheni, K. Svarnias, A. Economou, C. Kokkinos, P. R. Fielden, S. J. Baldock, N. J. Goddard, Electroanalysis 2021, 33, 1930 which has been published in final form at https://analyticalsciencejournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/elan.202100230 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Voltammetric Determination of Trace Heavy Metals by Sequential-injection Analysis at Plastic Fluidic Chips with Integrated Carbon Fiber-based Electrodes

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/08/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Electroanalysis
Issue number8
Volume33
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)1930-1935
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date4/06/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This work describes a sequential injection analysis (SIA) method for on-line strippping voltammetric determination of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) using an injection-moulded electrochemical fluidic chip consisting of 3 conductive carbon fiber-loaded polymer electrodes embedded in a plastic fluidic holder. The sample containing the target metals and a solution containing Bi(III) were aspirated in the holding coil of the SIA manifold. Then, the flow was reversed and the two solutions were directed to the fluidic cell through a mixing coil which induced mixing of the two zones. Upon reaching the cell, simultaneous reduction of the target metals and Bi(III) occurred resulting in the formation of a metal-Bi alloy on the working electrode. Finally, the accumulated metals were stripped off the bismuth-film electrode via a positive potential scan and the oxidation current was recorded. The experimental variables (concentration of the bismuth plating solution, deposition potential, sample volume, stripping mode) were investigated and the potential interferences were assessed. The limits of quantification were 2.8 μg L−1 for Pb(II), 3.6 μg L−1 for Cd(II) and 4.2 μg L−1 for Zn(II) and the the within-chip and between-chip % relative standard deviations were ≤6.3 % and ≤14 %, respectively. Finally, the sensor was applied to the determination of trace metals in a fish food sample.

Bibliographic note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: V. Partheni, K. Svarnias, A. Economou, C. Kokkinos, P. R. Fielden, S. J. Baldock, N. J. Goddard, Electroanalysis 2021, 33, 1930 which has been published in final form at https://analyticalsciencejournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/elan.202100230 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.