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VP-CAST: Velocity and Position-Based Broadcast Suppression for VANETs

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  • Ajmal Khan
  • Afsah Abid Siddiqui
  • Farman Ullah
  • Muhammad Bilal
  • Md Jalil Piran
  • Houbing Song
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/10/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number10
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)18512-18525
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


In the vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), minimizing the broadcast storm that arises due to message rebroadcast during emergency message dissemination in extremely mobile environments under sparse or dense networks is a significant challenge. Proper selection of rebroadcasting vehicles guarantees acceptable end-to-end delay, high delivery ratio, and efficient bandwidth utilization. To date, many protocols have been proposed to select an appropriate rebroadcasting vehicles based on vehicle position information only. However, such approaches neglect the fact that both vehicle velocity and position information can be utilized efficiently to alleviate rebroadcast message collisions and control bandwidth consumption. In this work, we present a new broadcast suppression protocol, named, velocity and position-based broadcast suppression for VANETs (VP-CAST), which can work in both sparse and dense network situations. VP-CAST does rely on periodic beacon messages, rather the position and velocity information of broadcasting vehicle are included in a broadcast message. Moreover, the transmission range of broadcasting vehicle is divided into dynamic time slots based on velocity and position information of broadcasting and receiving vehicles.The proposed scheme assigns shorter and dynamic waiting time to the vehicles moving at high velocities and located farther from the sender vehicle that eventually reduces both the message re-transmission delay and the number of rebroadcasting vehicles. The proposed protocol is compared with the DV-CAST in terms of end-to-end delay, message delivery ratio, and message overhead.