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Water as a weapon: the history of water supply development in Nkayi district, Zimbabwe

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Water as a weapon : the history of water supply development in Nkayi district, Zimbabwe. / Cleaver, F.

In: Environment & History, Vol. 1, No. 3, 01.10.1995, p. 313-333.

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Cleaver, F. / Water as a weapon : the history of water supply development in Nkayi district, Zimbabwe. In: Environment & History. 1995 ; Vol. 1, No. 3. pp. 313-333.

Bibtex

@article{32e8724be47044d49c2497c37cf5271f,
title = "Water as a weapon: the history of water supply development in Nkayi district, Zimbabwe",
abstract = "This paper aruges that much historical and political analysis of Zimbabwe neglects a crucial resource: water. Using data from Nkayi district, evidence is presented to show how access to water rather than land has been the critical factor in its settlement and development. Water supplies were provided by the state during the first half of the century to support economic and fiscal policies and to render forced resettlement possible. During the years of struggle preceding and including the Liberation War, control over water was used as a weapon, and this remained a significant issue in the post-Independence period. Examples are offered of people's resistance to such control through non-cooperation in water development activities and the evolution of a culture of minimal water use strongly associated with concepts of solidarity and survival. The implications of this historic legacy for current development initiatives are discussed. -Author",
author = "F. Cleaver",
year = "1995",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.3197/096734095779522564",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "313--333",
journal = "Environment & History",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Water as a weapon

T2 - the history of water supply development in Nkayi district, Zimbabwe

AU - Cleaver, F.

PY - 1995/10/1

Y1 - 1995/10/1

N2 - This paper aruges that much historical and political analysis of Zimbabwe neglects a crucial resource: water. Using data from Nkayi district, evidence is presented to show how access to water rather than land has been the critical factor in its settlement and development. Water supplies were provided by the state during the first half of the century to support economic and fiscal policies and to render forced resettlement possible. During the years of struggle preceding and including the Liberation War, control over water was used as a weapon, and this remained a significant issue in the post-Independence period. Examples are offered of people's resistance to such control through non-cooperation in water development activities and the evolution of a culture of minimal water use strongly associated with concepts of solidarity and survival. The implications of this historic legacy for current development initiatives are discussed. -Author

AB - This paper aruges that much historical and political analysis of Zimbabwe neglects a crucial resource: water. Using data from Nkayi district, evidence is presented to show how access to water rather than land has been the critical factor in its settlement and development. Water supplies were provided by the state during the first half of the century to support economic and fiscal policies and to render forced resettlement possible. During the years of struggle preceding and including the Liberation War, control over water was used as a weapon, and this remained a significant issue in the post-Independence period. Examples are offered of people's resistance to such control through non-cooperation in water development activities and the evolution of a culture of minimal water use strongly associated with concepts of solidarity and survival. The implications of this historic legacy for current development initiatives are discussed. -Author

U2 - 10.3197/096734095779522564

DO - 10.3197/096734095779522564

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:0029516687

VL - 1

SP - 313

EP - 333

JO - Environment & History

JF - Environment & History

IS - 3

ER -