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What Works in Violence Prevention Among Young People?: A Systematic Review of Reviews

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What Works in Violence Prevention Among Young People? A Systematic Review of Reviews. / Kovalenko, A.G.; Abraham, C.; Graham-Rowe, E.; Levine, M.; O’Dwyer, S.

In: Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 17.07.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Kovalenko, AG, Abraham, C, Graham-Rowe, E, Levine, M & O’Dwyer, S 2020, 'What Works in Violence Prevention Among Young People? A Systematic Review of Reviews', Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838020939130

APA

Kovalenko, A. G., Abraham, C., Graham-Rowe, E., Levine, M., & O’Dwyer, S. (2020). What Works in Violence Prevention Among Young People? A Systematic Review of Reviews. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838020939130

Vancouver

Kovalenko AG, Abraham C, Graham-Rowe E, Levine M, O’Dwyer S. What Works in Violence Prevention Among Young People? A Systematic Review of Reviews. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. 2020 Jul 17. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838020939130

Author

Kovalenko, A.G. ; Abraham, C. ; Graham-Rowe, E. ; Levine, M. ; O’Dwyer, S. / What Works in Violence Prevention Among Young People? A Systematic Review of Reviews. In: Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. 2020.

Bibtex

@article{3e380068a6cc455b8250e907355fc703,
title = "What Works in Violence Prevention Among Young People?: A Systematic Review of Reviews",
abstract = "Violence prevention programs aim to raise awareness, change attitudes, normative beliefs, motivation, and behavioral responses. Many programs have been developed and evaluated, and optimistic claims about effectiveness made. Yet comprehensive guidance on program design, implementation, and evaluation is limited. The aim of this study was to provide an up-to-date review of evidence on what works for whom. A systematic search of PsycINFO, MEDLINE, ERIC, and Sociology Collection ProQuest identified 40 reviews and meta-analyses reporting on the effectiveness of violence prevention programs among young people (age 15–30) in educational institutions, published before October 2018. These included reviews of programs designed to reduce (i) bullying, (ii) dating and relationship violence, (iii) sexual assault, and (iv) antisocial behavior. Only evaluations that reported on behavioral outcomes such as perpetration, victimization, and bystander behavior were included. The reviewed evaluations reported on programs that were mainly implemented in high-income countries in Europe and North America. The majority found small effects on violence reduction and victimization and increases in self-reported bystander behavior. Our findings expose critical gaps in evaluation research in this area and provide recommendations on how to optimize the effectiveness of future programs.",
keywords = "campus violence prevention, meta-analyses, narrative reviews, review of reviews, young people, adolescent, adult, bullying, Europe, evaluation research, high income country, human, Medline, meta analysis, narrative, North America, outcome assessment, PsycINFO, review, school, sexual assault, sociology, systematic review",
author = "A.G. Kovalenko and C. Abraham and E. Graham-Rowe and M. Levine and S. O{\textquoteright}Dwyer",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "17",
doi = "10.1177/1524838020939130",
language = "English",
journal = "Trauma, Violence, and Abuse",
issn = "1524-8380",
publisher = "SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - What Works in Violence Prevention Among Young People?

T2 - A Systematic Review of Reviews

AU - Kovalenko, A.G.

AU - Abraham, C.

AU - Graham-Rowe, E.

AU - Levine, M.

AU - O’Dwyer, S.

PY - 2020/7/17

Y1 - 2020/7/17

N2 - Violence prevention programs aim to raise awareness, change attitudes, normative beliefs, motivation, and behavioral responses. Many programs have been developed and evaluated, and optimistic claims about effectiveness made. Yet comprehensive guidance on program design, implementation, and evaluation is limited. The aim of this study was to provide an up-to-date review of evidence on what works for whom. A systematic search of PsycINFO, MEDLINE, ERIC, and Sociology Collection ProQuest identified 40 reviews and meta-analyses reporting on the effectiveness of violence prevention programs among young people (age 15–30) in educational institutions, published before October 2018. These included reviews of programs designed to reduce (i) bullying, (ii) dating and relationship violence, (iii) sexual assault, and (iv) antisocial behavior. Only evaluations that reported on behavioral outcomes such as perpetration, victimization, and bystander behavior were included. The reviewed evaluations reported on programs that were mainly implemented in high-income countries in Europe and North America. The majority found small effects on violence reduction and victimization and increases in self-reported bystander behavior. Our findings expose critical gaps in evaluation research in this area and provide recommendations on how to optimize the effectiveness of future programs.

AB - Violence prevention programs aim to raise awareness, change attitudes, normative beliefs, motivation, and behavioral responses. Many programs have been developed and evaluated, and optimistic claims about effectiveness made. Yet comprehensive guidance on program design, implementation, and evaluation is limited. The aim of this study was to provide an up-to-date review of evidence on what works for whom. A systematic search of PsycINFO, MEDLINE, ERIC, and Sociology Collection ProQuest identified 40 reviews and meta-analyses reporting on the effectiveness of violence prevention programs among young people (age 15–30) in educational institutions, published before October 2018. These included reviews of programs designed to reduce (i) bullying, (ii) dating and relationship violence, (iii) sexual assault, and (iv) antisocial behavior. Only evaluations that reported on behavioral outcomes such as perpetration, victimization, and bystander behavior were included. The reviewed evaluations reported on programs that were mainly implemented in high-income countries in Europe and North America. The majority found small effects on violence reduction and victimization and increases in self-reported bystander behavior. Our findings expose critical gaps in evaluation research in this area and provide recommendations on how to optimize the effectiveness of future programs.

KW - campus violence prevention

KW - meta-analyses

KW - narrative reviews

KW - review of reviews

KW - young people

KW - adolescent

KW - adult

KW - bullying

KW - Europe

KW - evaluation research

KW - high income country

KW - human

KW - Medline

KW - meta analysis

KW - narrative

KW - North America

KW - outcome assessment

KW - PsycINFO

KW - review

KW - school

KW - sexual assault

KW - sociology

KW - systematic review

U2 - 10.1177/1524838020939130

DO - 10.1177/1524838020939130

M3 - Journal article

JO - Trauma, Violence, and Abuse

JF - Trauma, Violence, and Abuse

SN - 1524-8380

ER -