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Who benefits from child benefit?

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Who benefits from child benefit? / Blow, Laura; Walker, Ian; Zhu, Yu.

In: Economic Inquiry, Vol. 50, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 153-170.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Blow, L, Walker, I & Zhu, Y 2012, 'Who benefits from child benefit?', Economic Inquiry, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 153-170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00348.x

APA

Blow, L., Walker, I., & Zhu, Y. (2012). Who benefits from child benefit? Economic Inquiry, 50(1), 153-170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00348.x

Vancouver

Blow L, Walker I, Zhu Y. Who benefits from child benefit? Economic Inquiry. 2012 Jan;50(1):153-170. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00348.x

Author

Blow, Laura ; Walker, Ian ; Zhu, Yu. / Who benefits from child benefit?. In: Economic Inquiry. 2012 ; Vol. 50, No. 1. pp. 153-170.

Bibtex

@article{84f5000e1c424a3f891bfebda9c7e732,
title = "Who benefits from child benefit?",
abstract = "Governments, over much of the developed world, make significant financial transfers to parents with dependent children. For example, in the United States the recently introduced Child Tax Credit (CTC), which goes to almost all children, costs almost $1 billion each week, or about 0.4% of GNP. The United Kingdom has even more generous transfers and spends an average of about $30 a week on each of about 8 million children—about 1% of GNP. The typical rationale given for these transfers is that they are good for our children and here we investigate the effect of such transfers on household spending patterns. In the United Kingdom such transfers, known as Child Benefit (CB), have been simple lump sum universal payments for a continuous period of more than 20 years. We do indeed find that CB is spent differently from other income—paradoxically, it appears to be spent disproportionately on adult‐assignable goods. In fact, we estimate that as much as half of a marginal dollar of CB is spent on alcohol. We resolve this puzzle by showing that the effect is confined to unanticipated variation in CB so we infer that parents are sufficiently altruistic toward their children that they completely insure them against shocks. (JEL I38, D79, D12)",
author = "Laura Blow and Ian Walker and Yu Zhu",
year = "2012",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00348.x",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "153--170",
journal = "Economic Inquiry",
issn = "0095-2583",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Who benefits from child benefit?

AU - Blow, Laura

AU - Walker, Ian

AU - Zhu, Yu

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - Governments, over much of the developed world, make significant financial transfers to parents with dependent children. For example, in the United States the recently introduced Child Tax Credit (CTC), which goes to almost all children, costs almost $1 billion each week, or about 0.4% of GNP. The United Kingdom has even more generous transfers and spends an average of about $30 a week on each of about 8 million children—about 1% of GNP. The typical rationale given for these transfers is that they are good for our children and here we investigate the effect of such transfers on household spending patterns. In the United Kingdom such transfers, known as Child Benefit (CB), have been simple lump sum universal payments for a continuous period of more than 20 years. We do indeed find that CB is spent differently from other income—paradoxically, it appears to be spent disproportionately on adult‐assignable goods. In fact, we estimate that as much as half of a marginal dollar of CB is spent on alcohol. We resolve this puzzle by showing that the effect is confined to unanticipated variation in CB so we infer that parents are sufficiently altruistic toward their children that they completely insure them against shocks. (JEL I38, D79, D12)

AB - Governments, over much of the developed world, make significant financial transfers to parents with dependent children. For example, in the United States the recently introduced Child Tax Credit (CTC), which goes to almost all children, costs almost $1 billion each week, or about 0.4% of GNP. The United Kingdom has even more generous transfers and spends an average of about $30 a week on each of about 8 million children—about 1% of GNP. The typical rationale given for these transfers is that they are good for our children and here we investigate the effect of such transfers on household spending patterns. In the United Kingdom such transfers, known as Child Benefit (CB), have been simple lump sum universal payments for a continuous period of more than 20 years. We do indeed find that CB is spent differently from other income—paradoxically, it appears to be spent disproportionately on adult‐assignable goods. In fact, we estimate that as much as half of a marginal dollar of CB is spent on alcohol. We resolve this puzzle by showing that the effect is confined to unanticipated variation in CB so we infer that parents are sufficiently altruistic toward their children that they completely insure them against shocks. (JEL I38, D79, D12)

U2 - 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00348.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00348.x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 50

SP - 153

EP - 170

JO - Economic Inquiry

JF - Economic Inquiry

SN - 0095-2583

IS - 1

ER -