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Why come into work ill?: individual and organizational factors underlying presenteeism

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Why come into work ill? individual and organizational factors underlying presenteeism. / Collins, Alison; Cartwright, Susan.

In: Employee Relations, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2012, p. 429-442.

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@article{1c013353dfaa4c8abea049016f6befd5,
title = "Why come into work ill?: individual and organizational factors underlying presenteeism",
abstract = "Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of managers and employees, in one private and one public sector organization, towards an individual's decision to go to work, despite being unwell, a phenomenon known as presenteeism in the literature.Design/methodology/approach– Qualitative interviews (n=33) were used to investigate the personal beliefs and attitudes of managers and employees towards presenteeism in an attempt to understand why individuals come into work, despite being unwell, rather than taking time off work.Findings– This paper explores the factors that influence an individual's decision to come into work despite being ill. Employees who are unwell are likely to take into consideration a combination of factors before deciding whether to come into work or take sick leave. The study's findings highlight the importance of both the work environment and an individual's personal motivation, including their work ethic, on presenteeism, providing further evidence that context is important.Originality/value– The study's findings support previous research that attendance management mechanisms implemented by the organization can lead to absenteeism. However, well‐designed and managed return to work policies can be of reciprocal benefit to both the organization and the employee.",
keywords = "Presenteeism, Private sector, Public sector, Attendance, Employee behaviour, Private sector organizations, Public sector organizations",
author = "Alison Collins and Susan Cartwright",
note = "This article is (c) Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here http://www.research.lancs.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/why-come-into-work-ill(1c013353-dfaa-4c8a-bea0-49016f6befd5).html Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1108/01425451211236850",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "429--442",
journal = "Employee Relations",
issn = "0142-5455",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Why come into work ill?

T2 - individual and organizational factors underlying presenteeism

AU - Collins, Alison

AU - Cartwright, Susan

N1 - This article is (c) Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here http://www.research.lancs.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/why-come-into-work-ill(1c013353-dfaa-4c8a-bea0-49016f6befd5).html Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of managers and employees, in one private and one public sector organization, towards an individual's decision to go to work, despite being unwell, a phenomenon known as presenteeism in the literature.Design/methodology/approach– Qualitative interviews (n=33) were used to investigate the personal beliefs and attitudes of managers and employees towards presenteeism in an attempt to understand why individuals come into work, despite being unwell, rather than taking time off work.Findings– This paper explores the factors that influence an individual's decision to come into work despite being ill. Employees who are unwell are likely to take into consideration a combination of factors before deciding whether to come into work or take sick leave. The study's findings highlight the importance of both the work environment and an individual's personal motivation, including their work ethic, on presenteeism, providing further evidence that context is important.Originality/value– The study's findings support previous research that attendance management mechanisms implemented by the organization can lead to absenteeism. However, well‐designed and managed return to work policies can be of reciprocal benefit to both the organization and the employee.

AB - Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of managers and employees, in one private and one public sector organization, towards an individual's decision to go to work, despite being unwell, a phenomenon known as presenteeism in the literature.Design/methodology/approach– Qualitative interviews (n=33) were used to investigate the personal beliefs and attitudes of managers and employees towards presenteeism in an attempt to understand why individuals come into work, despite being unwell, rather than taking time off work.Findings– This paper explores the factors that influence an individual's decision to come into work despite being ill. Employees who are unwell are likely to take into consideration a combination of factors before deciding whether to come into work or take sick leave. The study's findings highlight the importance of both the work environment and an individual's personal motivation, including their work ethic, on presenteeism, providing further evidence that context is important.Originality/value– The study's findings support previous research that attendance management mechanisms implemented by the organization can lead to absenteeism. However, well‐designed and managed return to work policies can be of reciprocal benefit to both the organization and the employee.

KW - Presenteeism

KW - Private sector

KW - Public sector

KW - Attendance

KW - Employee behaviour

KW - Private sector organizations

KW - Public sector organizations

U2 - 10.1108/01425451211236850

DO - 10.1108/01425451211236850

M3 - Journal article

VL - 34

SP - 429

EP - 442

JO - Employee Relations

JF - Employee Relations

SN - 0142-5455

IS - 4

ER -