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Why disaster subcultures matter: A tale of two communities: How and why the 2007 western solomon islands tsunami disaster led to different outcomes for two ghizo communities

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Why disaster subcultures matter: A tale of two communities: How and why the 2007 western solomon islands tsunami disaster led to different outcomes for two ghizo communities. / Hagen, K.; Petterson, M.G.; Humphreys, D.; Clark, N.

In: Geosciences, Vol. 11, No. 9, 387, 11.09.2021.

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@article{074da7dd56c14d728f81552da64ae38e,
title = "Why disaster subcultures matter: A tale of two communities: How and why the 2007 western solomon islands tsunami disaster led to different outcomes for two ghizo communities",
abstract = "At 07:45 a.m. on 2 April 2007, a tsunami hit Ghizo Island, western Solomon Islands in the south-west Pacific. Thirty-three people died on Ghizo, of whom 31 originated from a relatively small migrant Gilbertese community (transmigrated in the 1950s–1970s from Kiribati), while only two were from the majority Melanesian community. This paper documents an extensive 4-year study that addresses the potential core reasons for this asymmetrical casual impact. Community-participatory social science research was undertaken in two Gilbertese villages and two Melanesian villages. The four villages had similar spatial vulnerabilities due to their coastal location, although they had variable access to the safer higher ground. Gilbertese villages had less diverse ocean-reliant livelihoods, a limited knowledge of hinterland bush resource utilisation, uncertainties regarding land rights, and perceived ethnic discrimination. Melanesian villages had strong wantok and kastom social reciprocity cultures, a diverse set of livelihoods, wider social capital with other Melanesian communities, and greater security regarding land rights. This paper argues that these key factors—linked to the lower status as a migrant community of the Gilbertese, a limited sharing of knowledge between communities, government blind spots and power hierarchies—explain both the disproportionate impacts of the disaster and issues that impact longer-term aid intervention and social cohesion. {\textcopyright} 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.",
keywords = "Gilbertese, I-Kiribati, Indigenous knowledge, Kastom, Solomon Islands, Tsunami, Wantok",
author = "K. Hagen and M.G. Petterson and D. Humphreys and N. Clark",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
day = "11",
doi = "10.3390/geosciences11090387",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Geosciences",
issn = "2076-3263",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Why disaster subcultures matter: A tale of two communities: How and why the 2007 western solomon islands tsunami disaster led to different outcomes for two ghizo communities

AU - Hagen, K.

AU - Petterson, M.G.

AU - Humphreys, D.

AU - Clark, N.

PY - 2021/9/11

Y1 - 2021/9/11

N2 - At 07:45 a.m. on 2 April 2007, a tsunami hit Ghizo Island, western Solomon Islands in the south-west Pacific. Thirty-three people died on Ghizo, of whom 31 originated from a relatively small migrant Gilbertese community (transmigrated in the 1950s–1970s from Kiribati), while only two were from the majority Melanesian community. This paper documents an extensive 4-year study that addresses the potential core reasons for this asymmetrical casual impact. Community-participatory social science research was undertaken in two Gilbertese villages and two Melanesian villages. The four villages had similar spatial vulnerabilities due to their coastal location, although they had variable access to the safer higher ground. Gilbertese villages had less diverse ocean-reliant livelihoods, a limited knowledge of hinterland bush resource utilisation, uncertainties regarding land rights, and perceived ethnic discrimination. Melanesian villages had strong wantok and kastom social reciprocity cultures, a diverse set of livelihoods, wider social capital with other Melanesian communities, and greater security regarding land rights. This paper argues that these key factors—linked to the lower status as a migrant community of the Gilbertese, a limited sharing of knowledge between communities, government blind spots and power hierarchies—explain both the disproportionate impacts of the disaster and issues that impact longer-term aid intervention and social cohesion. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

AB - At 07:45 a.m. on 2 April 2007, a tsunami hit Ghizo Island, western Solomon Islands in the south-west Pacific. Thirty-three people died on Ghizo, of whom 31 originated from a relatively small migrant Gilbertese community (transmigrated in the 1950s–1970s from Kiribati), while only two were from the majority Melanesian community. This paper documents an extensive 4-year study that addresses the potential core reasons for this asymmetrical casual impact. Community-participatory social science research was undertaken in two Gilbertese villages and two Melanesian villages. The four villages had similar spatial vulnerabilities due to their coastal location, although they had variable access to the safer higher ground. Gilbertese villages had less diverse ocean-reliant livelihoods, a limited knowledge of hinterland bush resource utilisation, uncertainties regarding land rights, and perceived ethnic discrimination. Melanesian villages had strong wantok and kastom social reciprocity cultures, a diverse set of livelihoods, wider social capital with other Melanesian communities, and greater security regarding land rights. This paper argues that these key factors—linked to the lower status as a migrant community of the Gilbertese, a limited sharing of knowledge between communities, government blind spots and power hierarchies—explain both the disproportionate impacts of the disaster and issues that impact longer-term aid intervention and social cohesion. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

KW - Gilbertese

KW - I-Kiribati

KW - Indigenous knowledge

KW - Kastom

KW - Solomon Islands

KW - Tsunami

KW - Wantok

U2 - 10.3390/geosciences11090387

DO - 10.3390/geosciences11090387

M3 - Journal article

VL - 11

JO - Geosciences

JF - Geosciences

SN - 2076-3263

IS - 9

M1 - 387

ER -