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Widespread methanotrophic primary production in lowland chalk rivers

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Widespread methanotrophic primary production in lowland chalk rivers. / Shelley, Felicity C; Grey, Jonathan; Trimmer, Mark.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 281, No. 1783, 20132854, 05.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Shelley, FC, Grey, J & Trimmer, M 2014, 'Widespread methanotrophic primary production in lowland chalk rivers', Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 281, no. 1783, 20132854. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2854

APA

Shelley, F. C., Grey, J., & Trimmer, M. (2014). Widespread methanotrophic primary production in lowland chalk rivers. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1783), [20132854]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2854

Vancouver

Shelley FC, Grey J, Trimmer M. Widespread methanotrophic primary production in lowland chalk rivers. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2014 May;281(1783). 20132854. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2854

Author

Shelley, Felicity C ; Grey, Jonathan ; Trimmer, Mark. / Widespread methanotrophic primary production in lowland chalk rivers. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 281, No. 1783.

Bibtex

@article{7dde8bbbdca744ae8339681c98b1c936,
title = "Widespread methanotrophic primary production in lowland chalk rivers",
abstract = "Methane is oversaturated relative to the atmosphere in many rivers, yet its cycling and fate is poorly understood. While photosynthesis is the dominant source of autotrophic carbon to rivers, chemosynthesis and particularly methane oxidation could provide alternative sources of primary production where the riverbed is heavily shaded or at depth beneath the sediment surface. Here, we highlight geographically widespread methanotrophic carbon fixation within the gravel riverbeds of over 30 chalk rivers. In 15 of these, the potential for methane oxidation (methanotrophy) was also compared with photosynthesis. In addition, we performed detailed concurrent measurements of photosynthesis and methanotrophy in one large chalk river over a complete annual cycle, where we found methanotrophy to be active to at least 15 cm into the riverbed and to be strongly substrate limited. The seasonal trend in methanotrophic activity reflected that of the riverine methane concentrations, and thus the highest rates were measured in mid-summer. At the sediment surface, photosynthesis was limited by light for most of the year with heavy shading induced by dense beds of aquatic macrophytes. Across 15 rivers, in late summer, we conservatively calculated that net methanotrophy was equivalent to between 1% and 46% of benthic net photosynthetic production within the gravel riverbed, with a median value of 4%. Hence, riverbed chemosynthesis, coupled to the oxidation of methane, is widespread and significant in English chalk rivers. ",
keywords = "methane oxidation, carbon, photosynthesis, rivers, chemosynthesis",
author = "Shelley, {Felicity C} and Jonathan Grey and Mark Trimmer",
year = "2014",
month = may,
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2013.2854",
language = "English",
volume = "281",
journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing",
number = "1783",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Widespread methanotrophic primary production in lowland chalk rivers

AU - Shelley, Felicity C

AU - Grey, Jonathan

AU - Trimmer, Mark

PY - 2014/5

Y1 - 2014/5

N2 - Methane is oversaturated relative to the atmosphere in many rivers, yet its cycling and fate is poorly understood. While photosynthesis is the dominant source of autotrophic carbon to rivers, chemosynthesis and particularly methane oxidation could provide alternative sources of primary production where the riverbed is heavily shaded or at depth beneath the sediment surface. Here, we highlight geographically widespread methanotrophic carbon fixation within the gravel riverbeds of over 30 chalk rivers. In 15 of these, the potential for methane oxidation (methanotrophy) was also compared with photosynthesis. In addition, we performed detailed concurrent measurements of photosynthesis and methanotrophy in one large chalk river over a complete annual cycle, where we found methanotrophy to be active to at least 15 cm into the riverbed and to be strongly substrate limited. The seasonal trend in methanotrophic activity reflected that of the riverine methane concentrations, and thus the highest rates were measured in mid-summer. At the sediment surface, photosynthesis was limited by light for most of the year with heavy shading induced by dense beds of aquatic macrophytes. Across 15 rivers, in late summer, we conservatively calculated that net methanotrophy was equivalent to between 1% and 46% of benthic net photosynthetic production within the gravel riverbed, with a median value of 4%. Hence, riverbed chemosynthesis, coupled to the oxidation of methane, is widespread and significant in English chalk rivers.

AB - Methane is oversaturated relative to the atmosphere in many rivers, yet its cycling and fate is poorly understood. While photosynthesis is the dominant source of autotrophic carbon to rivers, chemosynthesis and particularly methane oxidation could provide alternative sources of primary production where the riverbed is heavily shaded or at depth beneath the sediment surface. Here, we highlight geographically widespread methanotrophic carbon fixation within the gravel riverbeds of over 30 chalk rivers. In 15 of these, the potential for methane oxidation (methanotrophy) was also compared with photosynthesis. In addition, we performed detailed concurrent measurements of photosynthesis and methanotrophy in one large chalk river over a complete annual cycle, where we found methanotrophy to be active to at least 15 cm into the riverbed and to be strongly substrate limited. The seasonal trend in methanotrophic activity reflected that of the riverine methane concentrations, and thus the highest rates were measured in mid-summer. At the sediment surface, photosynthesis was limited by light for most of the year with heavy shading induced by dense beds of aquatic macrophytes. Across 15 rivers, in late summer, we conservatively calculated that net methanotrophy was equivalent to between 1% and 46% of benthic net photosynthetic production within the gravel riverbed, with a median value of 4%. Hence, riverbed chemosynthesis, coupled to the oxidation of methane, is widespread and significant in English chalk rivers.

KW - methane oxidation

KW - carbon

KW - photosynthesis

KW - rivers

KW - chemosynthesis

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2013.2854

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2013.2854

M3 - Journal article

VL - 281

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1783

M1 - 20132854

ER -