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Winter Wheat in England and Wales, 1923-1995: What do Indices of Genetic Diversity Reveal?

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Winter Wheat in England and Wales, 1923-1995 : What do Indices of Genetic Diversity Reveal? / Srinivasan, C. S.; Thirtle, Colin; Palladino, Paolo.

In: Plant Genetic Resources, Vol. 1, No. 1, 04.2003, p. 43-57.

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Srinivasan CS, Thirtle C, Palladino P. Winter Wheat in England and Wales, 1923-1995: What do Indices of Genetic Diversity Reveal? Plant Genetic Resources. 2003 Apr;1(1):43-57. doi: 10.1079/PGR20031

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Srinivasan, C. S. ; Thirtle, Colin ; Palladino, Paolo. / Winter Wheat in England and Wales, 1923-1995 : What do Indices of Genetic Diversity Reveal?. In: Plant Genetic Resources. 2003 ; Vol. 1, No. 1. pp. 43-57.

Bibtex

@article{f1f4d53a9ea748fe80c98e846239656d,
title = "Winter Wheat in England and Wales, 1923-1995: What do Indices of Genetic Diversity Reveal?",
abstract = "Genealogical data have been used very widely to construct indices with which to examine the contribution of plant breeding programmes to the maintenance and enhancement of genetic resources. In this paper we use such indices to examine changes in the genetic diversity of the winter wheat crop in England and Wales between 1923 and 1995. We find that, except for one period characterized by the dominance of imported varieties, the genetic diversity of the winter wheat crop has been remarkably stable. This agrees with many studies of plant breeding programmes elsewhere. However, underlying the stability of the winter wheat crop is accelerating varietal turnover without any significant diversification of the genetic resources used. Moreover, the changes we observe are more directly attributable to changes in the varietal shares of the area under winter wheat than to the genealogical relationship between the varieties sown. We argue, therefore, that while genealogical indices reflect how well plant breeders have retained and exploited the resources with which they started, these indices suffer from a critical limitation. They do not reflect the proportion of the available range of genetic resources which has been effectively utilized in the breeding programme: complex crosses of a given set of varieties can yield high indices, and yet disguise the loss (or non-utilization) of a large proportion of the available genetic diversity.",
keywords = "coefficient of parentage, genetic diversity, plant breeding",
author = "Srinivasan, {C. S.} and Colin Thirtle and Paolo Palladino",
note = "http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=UHY The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Plant Genetic Resources, 1 (1), pp 43-57 2003, {\textcopyright} 2003 Cambridge University Press.",
year = "2003",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1079/PGR20031",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "43--57",
journal = "Plant Genetic Resources",
issn = "1479-2621",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Winter Wheat in England and Wales, 1923-1995

T2 - What do Indices of Genetic Diversity Reveal?

AU - Srinivasan, C. S.

AU - Thirtle, Colin

AU - Palladino, Paolo

N1 - http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=UHY The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Plant Genetic Resources, 1 (1), pp 43-57 2003, © 2003 Cambridge University Press.

PY - 2003/4

Y1 - 2003/4

N2 - Genealogical data have been used very widely to construct indices with which to examine the contribution of plant breeding programmes to the maintenance and enhancement of genetic resources. In this paper we use such indices to examine changes in the genetic diversity of the winter wheat crop in England and Wales between 1923 and 1995. We find that, except for one period characterized by the dominance of imported varieties, the genetic diversity of the winter wheat crop has been remarkably stable. This agrees with many studies of plant breeding programmes elsewhere. However, underlying the stability of the winter wheat crop is accelerating varietal turnover without any significant diversification of the genetic resources used. Moreover, the changes we observe are more directly attributable to changes in the varietal shares of the area under winter wheat than to the genealogical relationship between the varieties sown. We argue, therefore, that while genealogical indices reflect how well plant breeders have retained and exploited the resources with which they started, these indices suffer from a critical limitation. They do not reflect the proportion of the available range of genetic resources which has been effectively utilized in the breeding programme: complex crosses of a given set of varieties can yield high indices, and yet disguise the loss (or non-utilization) of a large proportion of the available genetic diversity.

AB - Genealogical data have been used very widely to construct indices with which to examine the contribution of plant breeding programmes to the maintenance and enhancement of genetic resources. In this paper we use such indices to examine changes in the genetic diversity of the winter wheat crop in England and Wales between 1923 and 1995. We find that, except for one period characterized by the dominance of imported varieties, the genetic diversity of the winter wheat crop has been remarkably stable. This agrees with many studies of plant breeding programmes elsewhere. However, underlying the stability of the winter wheat crop is accelerating varietal turnover without any significant diversification of the genetic resources used. Moreover, the changes we observe are more directly attributable to changes in the varietal shares of the area under winter wheat than to the genealogical relationship between the varieties sown. We argue, therefore, that while genealogical indices reflect how well plant breeders have retained and exploited the resources with which they started, these indices suffer from a critical limitation. They do not reflect the proportion of the available range of genetic resources which has been effectively utilized in the breeding programme: complex crosses of a given set of varieties can yield high indices, and yet disguise the loss (or non-utilization) of a large proportion of the available genetic diversity.

KW - coefficient of parentage

KW - genetic diversity

KW - plant breeding

U2 - 10.1079/PGR20031

DO - 10.1079/PGR20031

M3 - Journal article

VL - 1

SP - 43

EP - 57

JO - Plant Genetic Resources

JF - Plant Genetic Resources

SN - 1479-2621

IS - 1

ER -