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  • JEG Paper FINAL Clean 24 Oct 2019

    Rights statement: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Economic Geography following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Richard T Harrison, Claire M Leitch, Maura McAdam, Woman’s entrepreneurship as a gendered niche: the implications for regional development policy, Journal of Economic Geography 2020 20 (4): 1041–1067 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/joeg/article-abstract/20/4/1041/5709129

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    Available under license: CC BY-NC: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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Woman's entrepreneurship as a gendered niche: the implications for regional economic development policy

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/07/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Economic Geography
Issue number4
Volume20
Number of pages27
Pages (from-to)1041–1067
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date17/01/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

In this paper we argue that entrepreneurship is a socio-spatial embedded activity and that the social construction of gender, time, space, economy and culture is manifest in the masculinities that are ascribed a normative role in entrepreneurship development policies. Drawing on feminist approaches to articulate and perform resistance to the hegemonic ‘masculinist’ discourses on entrepreneurship, we argue that women’s entrepreneurship is contextually embedded in institutional and social structures that both limit and provide opportunities for its enactment. Regional economic development policy has focused, inter alia, on stimulating and supporting women’s entrepreneurship through the establishment of women-only entrepreneurial networks to provide support, role models and access to resources. Grounded in feminist geography and based on a detailed qualitative study of network managers and members of formally established women-only networks, we provide evidence of the disconnect between the emancipatory intent and the actual impact of these initiatives. While these networks aim to empower and encourage women into entrepreneurship, in practice they perpetuate women’s marginalisation and ghettoization in gendered niches.

Bibliographic note

This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Economic Geography following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Richard T Harrison, Claire M Leitch, Maura McAdam, Woman’s entrepreneurship as a gendered niche: the implications for regional development policy, Journal of Economic Geography 2020 20 (4): 1041–1067 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/joeg/article-abstract/20/4/1041/5709129