Home advantage is a term used to describe the positive effect experienced by a home team. Although a well-documented phenomenon, most research does little to quantify the underlying factors - an issue that will be addressed. A more subtle analysis will allow a much greater insight into the effect, from which better predictions may be produced.
Some level of technology is used in most sports, whether it is a simple pole for vaulting or a relatively advanced piece of engineering such as a carbon fibre bicycle. Identifying the effect of technology on performance, consistency and other factors important to outcome is an essential step in creating models which give better predictions. This will allow us to update our predictions about outcome in sports faster and more accurately, upon the introduction of new technologies and equipment.