- 1.full
**Rights statement:**© 2014 Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits noncommercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact the London Mathematical SocietyFinal published version, 357 KB, PDF document

Available under license: CC BY-NC

- http://tlms.oxfordjournals.org/content/1/1/1.full.html?ct/
Final published version

Licence: CC BY-NC

Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article

Published

**A weak*-topological dichotomy with applications in operator theory.** / Kania, Tomasz; Koszmider, Piotr; Laustsen, Niels.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article

Kania, T, Koszmider, P & Laustsen, N 2014, 'A weak*-topological dichotomy with applications in operator theory', *Transactions of the London Mathematical Society*, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1112/tlms/tlu001

Kania, T., Koszmider, P., & Laustsen, N. (2014). A weak*-topological dichotomy with applications in operator theory. *Transactions of the London Mathematical Society*, *1*(1), 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1112/tlms/tlu001

Kania T, Koszmider P, Laustsen N. A weak*-topological dichotomy with applications in operator theory. Transactions of the London Mathematical Society. 2014 May 14;1(1):1-28. https://doi.org/10.1112/tlms/tlu001

@article{04f70704b04b47599a8bc3d4797abf9c,

title = "A weak*-topological dichotomy with applications in operator theory",

abstract = "Denote by [0,ω1) the locally compact Hausdorff space consisting of all countable ordinals, equipped with the order topology, and let C0[0,ω1) be the Banach space of scalar-valued, continuous functions which are defined on [0,ω1) and vanish eventually. We show that a weakly* compact subset of the dual space of C0[0,ω1) is either uniformly Eberlein compact, or it contains a homeomorphic copy of the ordinal interval [0,ω1]. This dichotomy yields a unifying approach to most of the existing studies of the Banach space C0[0,ω1) and the Banach algebra B(C0[0,ω1)) of bounded operators acting on it, and it leads to several new results, as well as stronger versions of known ones. Specifically, we deduce that a Banach space which is a quotient of C0[0,ω1) can either be embedded in a Hilbert-generated Banach space, or it is isomorphic to the direct sum of C0[0,ω1) and a subspace of a Hilbert-generated Banach space. Moreover, we obtain a list of eight equivalent conditions describing the Loy-Willis ideal M, which is the unique maximal ideal of B(C0[0,ω1)). Among the consequences of the latter result is that M has a bounded left approximate identity, thus resolving a problem left open by Loy and Willis.",

keywords = "Banach space, continuous functions on the first uncountable ordinal interval, scattered space, uniform Eberlein compactness, weak* topology, club set, stationary set, Pressing Down Lemma, Delta-system Lemma, Banach algebra of bounded operators, maximal ideal, bounded left approximate identity",

author = "Tomasz Kania and Piotr Koszmider and Niels Laustsen",

note = "{\textcopyright} 2014 Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits noncommercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact the London Mathematical Society",

year = "2014",

month = may

day = "14",

doi = "10.1112/tlms/tlu001",

language = "English",

volume = "1",

pages = "1--28",

journal = "Transactions of the London Mathematical Society",

issn = "2052-4986",

number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A weak*-topological dichotomy with applications in operator theory

AU - Kania, Tomasz

AU - Koszmider, Piotr

AU - Laustsen, Niels

N1 - © 2014 Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits noncommercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact the London Mathematical Society

PY - 2014/5/14

Y1 - 2014/5/14

N2 - Denote by [0,ω1) the locally compact Hausdorff space consisting of all countable ordinals, equipped with the order topology, and let C0[0,ω1) be the Banach space of scalar-valued, continuous functions which are defined on [0,ω1) and vanish eventually. We show that a weakly* compact subset of the dual space of C0[0,ω1) is either uniformly Eberlein compact, or it contains a homeomorphic copy of the ordinal interval [0,ω1]. This dichotomy yields a unifying approach to most of the existing studies of the Banach space C0[0,ω1) and the Banach algebra B(C0[0,ω1)) of bounded operators acting on it, and it leads to several new results, as well as stronger versions of known ones. Specifically, we deduce that a Banach space which is a quotient of C0[0,ω1) can either be embedded in a Hilbert-generated Banach space, or it is isomorphic to the direct sum of C0[0,ω1) and a subspace of a Hilbert-generated Banach space. Moreover, we obtain a list of eight equivalent conditions describing the Loy-Willis ideal M, which is the unique maximal ideal of B(C0[0,ω1)). Among the consequences of the latter result is that M has a bounded left approximate identity, thus resolving a problem left open by Loy and Willis.

AB - Denote by [0,ω1) the locally compact Hausdorff space consisting of all countable ordinals, equipped with the order topology, and let C0[0,ω1) be the Banach space of scalar-valued, continuous functions which are defined on [0,ω1) and vanish eventually. We show that a weakly* compact subset of the dual space of C0[0,ω1) is either uniformly Eberlein compact, or it contains a homeomorphic copy of the ordinal interval [0,ω1]. This dichotomy yields a unifying approach to most of the existing studies of the Banach space C0[0,ω1) and the Banach algebra B(C0[0,ω1)) of bounded operators acting on it, and it leads to several new results, as well as stronger versions of known ones. Specifically, we deduce that a Banach space which is a quotient of C0[0,ω1) can either be embedded in a Hilbert-generated Banach space, or it is isomorphic to the direct sum of C0[0,ω1) and a subspace of a Hilbert-generated Banach space. Moreover, we obtain a list of eight equivalent conditions describing the Loy-Willis ideal M, which is the unique maximal ideal of B(C0[0,ω1)). Among the consequences of the latter result is that M has a bounded left approximate identity, thus resolving a problem left open by Loy and Willis.

KW - Banach space

KW - continuous functions on the first uncountable ordinal interval

KW - scattered space

KW - uniform Eberlein compactness

KW - weak topology

KW - club set, stationary set

KW - Pressing Down Lemma, Delta-system Lemma

KW - Banach algebra of bounded operators

KW - maximal ideal

KW - bounded left approximate identity

U2 - 10.1112/tlms/tlu001

DO - 10.1112/tlms/tlu001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 1

SP - 1

EP - 28

JO - Transactions of the London Mathematical Society

JF - Transactions of the London Mathematical Society

SN - 2052-4986

IS - 1

ER -