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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Science of the Total Environment Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Science of the Total Environment, 635, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.04.136

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Bridging the Gap between Climate Change and Maritime Security: Towards a Comprehensive Framework for Planning

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

E-pub ahead of print
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/09/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Science of the Total Environment
Volume635C
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)1076-1080
<mark>State</mark>E-pub ahead of print
Early online date24/04/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

For the past two decades, the need to shield strategic maritime interests, to tackle criminality and terrorism at or from the sea and to conserve valuable marine resources has been recognized at the highest political level. Acknowledging and accounting for the interplay between climate change, the vulnerability of coastal populations and the occurrence of maritime criminality should be part of any ocean governance process. Still, given the complex interactions between climate change and socio-economic components of the marine realm, it has become urgent to establish a solid methodological framework, which could lead to sound and effective decisions. We propose that any such framework should not be built from scratch. The adaptation of well tested, existing uncertainty-management tools, such as Cumulative Effect Assessments, could serve as a solid basis to account for the magnitude and directionality of the dependencies between the impacts of climate change and the occurrence of maritime criminality, offering spatial explicit risk evaluations. Multi-Criteria Decision Making could then be employed to better and faster inform decision-makers. These mechanisms could provide a framework for comparison of alternative mitigation and adaptation actions and are essential in assessing responses to tackle maritime crime in the context of climate change.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Science of the Total Environment Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Science of the Total Environment, 635, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.04.136