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Professor Basil Germond SFHEA FRGS


Basil Germond

County South



Tel: +44 1524 594252

Office Hours:

I am on research leave till August 2023. Please contact me by email.

Research overview

I am a seapower and maritime security expert. My research is cross-disciplinary and aims at understanding human, social and political interactions at, from, within, and with the sea. I privilege mixed methods and approaches, ranging from corpus linguistics to content analysis to the application of IR theories. My specific research interests cover the concept of seapower, maritime security, maritime strategy and geopolitics, the maritime/naval dimension of Global Britain, ocean governance, climate change dimensions in maritime security, and frontiers in IR. I have developed cross-disciplinary research within social sciences (e.g. linguistics, human geography) and beyond, notably with marine sciences.

The journals in which my research has recently been published reflect my cross-disciplinary approach to ocean studies, e.g. Territory, Politics, Governance, The Australian Naval Review, The Geographical Journal, Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Marine Policy, Science of the Total Environment, European Foreign Affairs ReviewGlobal Policy.

My research engages with, and informs, public policy stakeholders (see for example the oral evidence I gave to Parliament in May 2022 on questions of maritime security, as well as the evidence I submitted in 2021 to the Defence Committee of the House of Commons on the Navy's future, and those I co-submitted to the House of Lords regarding UNCLOS). My research recently informed the Defence Committee's report on "The Navy: purpose and procurement" as well as its March 2022 report on "The use of the military to counter migrant crossings". In 2021, I also informed the Department for Transport and the EU Council on the climate change-maritime security nexus (click here to access the underlying research). 

My research also engages with the wider public (see for example my June 2021 commentary in The Conversation about the HMS Defender incident, my September 2021 commentary about AUKUS and Global Britain for the Council on Geostrategy, and my November 2021 article for The National Interest on Global Britain and Seapower). I have recently written on the maritime and naval dimension of the Ukraine war (see for example my article in the Conversation as well as my TV interview). I have frequently contributed to engaging the wider public with questions of international security via the Conversation, of which Lancaster University is a founding partner. I have also contributed to raising awarness of the importance of the sea in the local community (e.g. photo exhibition and public talk I organised in Morecambe funded by the ESRC Festival of Social Science).

I am a member of the ESRC Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science (CASS) with projects that tackle maritime security narrative as well as the representation of the sea in collective imaginaries, of Security Lancaster (contribution to projects on maritime security), and of the Centre for War and Diplomacy (CWD).

PhD supervision

I am happy to supervise projects related to my field of research (c.f. above), notably on maritime/naval affairs; ocean governance; the concept of seapower; climate change and maritime security; IR theories in a cross-disciplinary setting. I am open to inter/cross-disciplinary projects including (but not limited to) international relations, political science, security studies, history, human geography, corpus linguistics, and marine science.


I am Professor of International Security, specialised in seapower and maritime security. I favour multi-disciplinary approaches across social sciences. My research on naval affairs and maritime security engages with public policy stakeholders and the wider public. I am committed to teaching & learning enhancement and academic standards and quality assurance.

Prior to my coming to Lancaster in 2011, I was Visiting Research Fellow at Oxford (Changing Character of War programme) and Research Fellow at the University of St Andrews. I got my PhD from the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva.

Current Research

1) Within the Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science (CASS), ESRC-funded, I have worked on the EU's 'comprehensive approach' narrative, and I currently work on climate change and maritime security narratives as well as on the representation of the sea in British media (see the Policy Brief). I am also co-authoring a book on Britain, Europe and Brexit: A Corpus Linguistics Approach (Bloomsbury, 2024) with Helen Baker, Vaclav Brezina and Tony McEnery.

2) My next monograph (60,000 words completed) discusses the concept and practice of post-modern and neo-modern seapower. I work on the evolution of the practice of seapower towards a more collective and civilian application of seapower (see for example my recent analysis of seapower and the Ukraine war).

3) I am currently working on the conceptualisation of ocean governance and the placefulness of the sea, and the implications for the discipline of IR and Human Geography. See my latest article on the media representation of the sea published in the Geographical Journal.

4) I work on an inter-disciplinary project on the dependencies and synergistic links between climate change and maritime security (IR and natural/marine sciences). I have advised public policy stakeholders at the UK (e.g. House of Lords, DfT), EU and UN levels on these questions.

5) In the context of the 2021 Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy, my research informs stakeholders as to the role of the sea and seapower for Global Britain. I developed the concept of collective and civilian of seapower (see the recording on YouTube of the expert panel discussion at King's College). I also applied this concept to the case of the Ukraine war and the role played by civilian maritime stakeholders.


I have an interdisciplinary UG degree (4-year licence) in International Relations (political science, international history, international economics, international law), a 2-year master degree in History and International Politics and a PhD in International Relations (Geneva). I also have a PG Certificate in academic practice (Lancaster) and I am a Senior Fellow of the HEA (SFHEA). I have a level 5 certificate in leadership and management. I am a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (FRGS).

Professional Role

I have extensive experience in academic leadership, both in teaching & learning enhancement and academic standards & quality control at various levels of governance. From 2011, I have designed, developed and managed PPR MA programmes in Diplomacy as well as various new distance-learning MA programmes. I have then taken over the role of Director of postgraduate taught studies. In 2018, I have been appointed Director of Research Training for the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. I have been a member of the Faculty senior leadership team from 2018 to 2022.

Past Faculty roles

- Director of Research Training (RTP) and member of the Faculty senior leadership team - 2018-2022

- Member of the Faculty Course Committee - 2012-2022

- Member of the Faculty Education and Student Experience Committee - 2017-2022

- Member of the Faculty PGR Committee - 2019-2022

Past University roles

- Member of the Standing Committee on Academic Regulations - 2018-2022

- Member of the Postgraduate Group on Regulations and Procedures -2020-2022

- Member of the PGR Researcher Development working group - 2020-2022

- ESRC NWSSDTP Institutional Politics Pathway Rep/Lead - 2018-2022

Past departmental roles

- Director of Postgraduate Taught Studies in PPR - 2017-2018

- Director of Distance-learning in PPR - 2014-2017

- Chair of PPR Postgraduate Teaching Committee - 2017-2018

- Member of PPR Management Committee - 2017-2018

- Admission tutor in IR - 2019-2020

- Director of Studies in IR - 2020-2022

External affiliations and roles (current)

- Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (FRGS) - Since 2010

- Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (SFHEA) - Since 2019

- Member of the NWCDTP and NWSSDTP Training, Employment and Knowledge Exchange (TEKE) panels - 2018-2022

- Associate Researcher, the Pierre du Bois Foundation for Current History, Switzerland - Since 2008

- PG External examiner (UCLan) - 2015-2017

- Member of the editorial board of the Romanian Review of European Governance Studies

Current Teaching

My approach to teaching is multi/inter-disciplinary across the Arts and Social Sciences, in particular International Relations theories, foreign policy analysis, security studies, current history, human geography, and discourse analysis. I embrace blended approaches to teaching, including synchronous and asynchronous distance learning.

In academic year 2022/2023, I will be on research leave and thus will not be involved in teaching.

In the past academic year, I have taught the following modules in addition to supervising UG, PGT and PGR research projects:

PPR.431: Issues and Practice in Diplomacy and Foreign Policy

PPR.431d: Issues and Practice in Diplomacy and Foreign Policy (distance)

FASS.506L/M: Designing, Undertaking and Surviving Doctoral Research

FASS.510: Qualitative Research Methods

FASS.651: Course Design and Quality Assurance in Higher Education

PhD Supervisions Completed

-Andrew Taylor (viva 2017), Maritime Strategy in the Era of Control and Denial of Visibility, ESRC funded, Forthwith award of PhD. Andrew is currently Teaching Fellow at King's College, London.

-Lee Turpin (viva 2017), Developing and utilising a Realist-Constructivist analytical framework towards understanding the European Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy, ESRC funded.

-Wasiu Balogun (viva 2018), Crude Oil Theft, Petro-Piracy and Illegal Trade in Fuel: An Enterprise-Value Chain Perspective of Energy-Maritime Crime in the Gulf of Guinea, PTDF funded, Co-supervised with Dr Marsden.

-Wai Shun Chan (viva 2020), Bringing the Ports and Port Diplomacy Back-in: A Comparative Study of the Role of Hong Kong, Macao and Shanghai in Contemporary EU-China Relations.

-Emma Williams (viva 2020), Ecological Civilisation: Identity, Power and Status, Faculty funded, Co-supervised with Dr Nordin and Dr Chubb.

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