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Development and validation of the Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy in Kenya

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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Development and validation of the Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy in Kenya. / Mbuba, Caroline K.; Abubakar, Amina; Odermatt, Peter; Newton, Charles R.; Carter, Julie A.

In: Epilepsy and Behavior, Vol. 24, No. 1, 05.2012, p. 81-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Mbuba, CK, Abubakar, A, Odermatt, P, Newton, CR & Carter, JA 2012, 'Development and validation of the Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy in Kenya', Epilepsy and Behavior, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 81-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.02.019

APA

Mbuba, C. K., Abubakar, A., Odermatt, P., Newton, C. R., & Carter, J. A. (2012). Development and validation of the Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy in Kenya. Epilepsy and Behavior, 24(1), 81-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.02.019

Vancouver

Mbuba CK, Abubakar A, Odermatt P, Newton CR, Carter JA. Development and validation of the Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy in Kenya. Epilepsy and Behavior. 2012 May;24(1):81-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.02.019

Author

Mbuba, Caroline K. ; Abubakar, Amina ; Odermatt, Peter ; Newton, Charles R. ; Carter, Julie A. / Development and validation of the Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy in Kenya. In: Epilepsy and Behavior. 2012 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 81-85.

Bibtex

@article{b2e9ca3fe16d449b91606cfe51e14dea,
title = "Development and validation of the Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy in Kenya",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to develop and validate a tool to measure perceived stigma among people with epilepsy (PWE) in Kilifi, Kenya. We reviewed existing scales that measured stigma, particularly of epilepsy. We conducted a qualitative study to determine salient concerns related to stigma in Kilifi. Themes were generated, and those related to stigma were used to construct an 18-item stigma scale. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was then conducted among 673 PWE to assess the reliability and validity of the scale. Internal consistency was calculated using Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability with an interclass correlation coefficient. The final scale had 15 items, which had high internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.91) and excellent test-retest reliability (r=0.92). Factor analysis indicated that the scale was unidimensional with one factor solution explaining 45.8% of the variance. The Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy is a culturally appropriate measure of stigma with strong psychometric properties.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Child, Child, Preschool, Epilepsy, Female, Humans, Infant, Kenya, Male, Psychometrics, Reproducibility of Results, Social Stigma, Young Adult",
author = "Mbuba, {Caroline K.} and Amina Abubakar and Peter Odermatt and Newton, {Charles R.} and Carter, {Julie A.}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2012",
month = may
doi = "10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.02.019",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "81--85",
journal = "Epilepsy and Behavior",
issn = "1525-5050",
publisher = "ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development and validation of the Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy in Kenya

AU - Mbuba, Caroline K.

AU - Abubakar, Amina

AU - Odermatt, Peter

AU - Newton, Charles R.

AU - Carter, Julie A.

N1 - Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - The aim of this study was to develop and validate a tool to measure perceived stigma among people with epilepsy (PWE) in Kilifi, Kenya. We reviewed existing scales that measured stigma, particularly of epilepsy. We conducted a qualitative study to determine salient concerns related to stigma in Kilifi. Themes were generated, and those related to stigma were used to construct an 18-item stigma scale. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was then conducted among 673 PWE to assess the reliability and validity of the scale. Internal consistency was calculated using Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability with an interclass correlation coefficient. The final scale had 15 items, which had high internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.91) and excellent test-retest reliability (r=0.92). Factor analysis indicated that the scale was unidimensional with one factor solution explaining 45.8% of the variance. The Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy is a culturally appropriate measure of stigma with strong psychometric properties.

AB - The aim of this study was to develop and validate a tool to measure perceived stigma among people with epilepsy (PWE) in Kilifi, Kenya. We reviewed existing scales that measured stigma, particularly of epilepsy. We conducted a qualitative study to determine salient concerns related to stigma in Kilifi. Themes were generated, and those related to stigma were used to construct an 18-item stigma scale. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was then conducted among 673 PWE to assess the reliability and validity of the scale. Internal consistency was calculated using Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability with an interclass correlation coefficient. The final scale had 15 items, which had high internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.91) and excellent test-retest reliability (r=0.92). Factor analysis indicated that the scale was unidimensional with one factor solution explaining 45.8% of the variance. The Kilifi Stigma Scale for Epilepsy is a culturally appropriate measure of stigma with strong psychometric properties.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Age Factors

KW - Child

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Epilepsy

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Infant

KW - Kenya

KW - Male

KW - Psychometrics

KW - Reproducibility of Results

KW - Social Stigma

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.02.019

DO - 10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.02.019

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22481043

VL - 24

SP - 81

EP - 85

JO - Epilepsy and Behavior

JF - Epilepsy and Behavior

SN - 1525-5050

IS - 1

ER -