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Equine arteritis virus induced cell death is associated with activation of the intrinsic apoptotic signalling pathway

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  • Harindranath Cholleti
  • Maruthibabu Paidikondala
  • Muhammad Munir
  • Mikhayil Hakhverdyan
  • Claudia Baule
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/01/2013
<mark>Journal</mark>Virus Research
Issue number1
Volume171
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)222-226
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Equine arteritis virus (EAV) causes a respiratory and reproductive disease in horses, equine viral arteritis. Though cell death in infection with EAV is considered to occur by apoptosis, the underlying molecular mechanism has not been extensively elucidated. We investigated the expression of mRNA of pro-apoptotic and caspase genes during EAV infection in BHK21 cells, a well-established cell type for EAV replication. Using a SYBR Green real-time PCR, mRNA of p53, Bax, caspase 3 and caspase 9 were found up-regulated in a time dependent manner in EAV infected cells. Western blot analysis for caspase 3 and caspase 9 showed expression of cleaved forms of these proteins during EAV infection. In addition, a luminescence-based cell assay for caspase 3/7 activation as a hallmark in apoptosis confirmed apoptotic cell death. The findings demonstrate that cell death in EAV infected BHK21 cells results from apoptosis mediated through the intrinsic signalling pathway.