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Films of rhombohedral graphite as two-dimensional topological semimetals

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Article number164
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>19/12/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Communications Physics
Volume2
Number of pages10
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Topologically non-trivial states appear in a number of materials ranging from spin-orbit-coupling driven topological insulators to graphene. In multivalley conductors, such as mono- and bilayer graphene, despite a zero total Chern number for the entire Brillouin zone, Berry curvature with different signs concentrated in different valleys can affect the material’s transport characteristics. Here we consider thin films of rhombohedral graphite, which appear to retain truly two-dimensional properties up to tens of layers of thickness and host two-dimensional electron states with a large Berry curvature, accompanied by a giant intrinsic magnetic moment carried by electrons. The size of Berry curvature and magnetization in the vicinity of each valley can be controlled by electrostatic gating leading to a tuneable anomalous Hall effect and a peculiar structure of the two-dimensional Landau level spectrum.