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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Brueckner, M. , Titman, A. and Jaki, T. (2019), Instrumental variable estimation in semi‐parametric additive hazards models. Biometrics 75 doi: 10.1111/biom.12952 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/biom.12952 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Instrumental variable estimation in semi-parametric additive hazards models

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/03/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Biometrics
Issue number1
Volume75
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)110-120
Publication statusPublished
Early online date2/08/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Instrumental variable methods allow unbiased estimation in the presence of unmeasured confounders when an appropriate instrumental variable is available. Two-stage least-squares and residual inclusion methods have recently been adapted to additive hazard models for censored survival data. The semi-parametric additive hazard model which can include time-independent and time-dependent covariate effects is particularly suited for the two-stage residual inclusion method, since it allows direct estimation of time-independent covariate effects without restricting the effect of the residual on the hazard.
In this article we prove asymptotic normality of two-stage residual inclusion estimators of regression coefficients in a semi-parametric additive hazard model with time-independent and time-dependent covariate effects. We consider the cases of continuous and binary exposure. Estimation of the conditional survival function given observed covariates is discussed and a resampling scheme is proposed to obtain simultaneous confidence bands. The new methods are compared to existing ones in a simulation study and are applied to a real data set. The proposed methods perform favourably especially in cases with exposure-dependent censoring.

Bibliographic note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Brueckner, M. , Titman, A. and Jaki, T. (2019), Instrumental variable estimation in semi‐parametric additive hazards models. Biometrics 75 doi: 10.1111/biom.12952 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/biom.12952 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.