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Low-frequency oscillations of the laser Doppler perfusion signal in human skin

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/11/2006
<mark>Journal</mark>Microvascular Research
Issue number3
Volume72
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)120-127
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Spectral analysis of the laser Doppler flow (LDF) signal in the frequency interval from 0.0095-2.0 Hz reveals blood flow oscillations with frequencies around 1.0, 0.3, 0.1, 0.04 and 0.01 Hz. The heartbeat, the respiration, the intrinsic myogenic activity of vascular smooth muscle, the neurogenic activity of the vessel wall and the vascular endothelium influence these oscillations, respectively. The first aim of this study was to investigate if a slow oscillatory component could be detected in the frequency area below 0.0095 Hz of the human cutaneous blood perfusion signal. Unstimulated basal blood skin perfusion and enhanced perfusion during iontophoresis with the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine (ACh) and the endothelium-independent vasodilator sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were measured in healthy male volunteers and the wavelet transform was computed. A low-frequency oscillation between 0.005 and 0.0095 Hz was found both during basal conditions and during iontophoresis with ACh and SNP. Iontophoresis with ACh increased the normalized amplitude to a greater extent than SNP (P  =  0.001) indicating modulation by the vascular endothelium. To gain further insight into the mechanisms for this endothelium dependency, we inhibited nitric oxide (NO) synthesis with NG-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMMA) and prostaglandin (PG) synthesis by aspirin. l-NMMA did not affect the increased response to ACh vs. SNP iontophoresis in the 0.005-0.0095-Hz interval (P  =  0.006) but abolished the difference in the 0.0095-0.021-Hz interval (P  =  0.97). Aspirin did not affect the difference in response to ACh and SNP in either of the two frequency intervals. Thus, other endothelial mechanisms, such as endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), might be involved in the regulation of this sixth frequency interval (0.005-0.0095 Hz).