12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > On the Organisation of Agricultural Research in...
View graph of relations

« Back

On the Organisation of Agricultural Research in Great Britain, 1945-1994: A Quantitative Description and Appraisal of Recent Reforms

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date12/1997
JournalResearch Policy
Journal number4-5
Volume26
Number of pages19
Pages557-576
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

In this paper we review recent, radical changes in the structure and funding of agricultural and food research in the United Kingdom. We assemble data on the contributions of both public and private institutions during the past fifty years to put these changes in greater perspective. They are then explained by the interaction of proactive governmental policies for the agricultural and food industries, driven by external considerations, with more reactive policies, motivated by problems particular to these industries. Essentially, the assumption that government intervention is required only when market incentives fail has dictated that public funding should be reallocated from technology transfer activities, and ‘productivity enhancing’ and ‘near market’ research, to ‘basic’ research, which affects a broader range of industries than just the food and agriculture industries, and to ‘public interest’ research on pressing problems of food safety and environmental protection. We conclude that the much heralded notion of ‘progress through partnership’ of the public and private sectors is not succeeding since the latter has not, taken up the research abandoned by the former.