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On the Organisation of Agricultural Research in Great Britain, 1945-1994: A Quantitative Description and Appraisal of Recent Reforms

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>12/1997
<mark>Journal</mark>Research Policy
Issue number4-5
Number of pages19
Pages (from-to)557-576
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


In this paper we review recent, radical changes in the structure and funding of agricultural and food research in the United Kingdom. We assemble data on the contributions of both public and private institutions during the past fifty years to put these changes in greater perspective. They are then explained by the interaction of proactive governmental policies for the agricultural and food industries, driven by external considerations, with more reactive policies, motivated by problems particular to these industries. Essentially, the assumption that government intervention is required only when market incentives fail has dictated that public funding should be reallocated from technology transfer activities, and ‘productivity enhancing’ and ‘near market’ research, to ‘basic’ research, which affects a broader range of industries than just the food and agriculture industries, and to ‘public interest’ research on pressing problems of food safety and environmental protection. We conclude that the much heralded notion of ‘progress through partnership’ of the public and private sectors is not succeeding since the latter has not, taken up the research abandoned by the former.