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On the Organisation of Agricultural Research in Great Britain, 1945-1994: A Quantitative Description and Appraisal of Recent Reforms

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On the Organisation of Agricultural Research in Great Britain, 1945-1994 : A Quantitative Description and Appraisal of Recent Reforms. / Thirtle, Colin; Palladino, Paolo; Piesse, Jenifer .

In: Research Policy, Vol. 26, No. 4-5, 12.1997, p. 557-576.

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@article{73ba05d05c594fa395508b5975af1a0a,
title = "On the Organisation of Agricultural Research in Great Britain, 1945-1994: A Quantitative Description and Appraisal of Recent Reforms",
abstract = "In this paper we review recent, radical changes in the structure and funding of agricultural and food research in the United Kingdom. We assemble data on the contributions of both public and private institutions during the past fifty years to put these changes in greater perspective. They are then explained by the interaction of proactive governmental policies for the agricultural and food industries, driven by external considerations, with more reactive policies, motivated by problems particular to these industries. Essentially, the assumption that government intervention is required only when market incentives fail has dictated that public funding should be reallocated from technology transfer activities, and {\textquoteleft}productivity enhancing{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}near market{\textquoteright} research, to {\textquoteleft}basic{\textquoteright} research, which affects a broader range of industries than just the food and agriculture industries, and to {\textquoteleft}public interest{\textquoteright} research on pressing problems of food safety and environmental protection. We conclude that the much heralded notion of {\textquoteleft}progress through partnership{\textquoteright} of the public and private sectors is not succeeding since the latter has not, taken up the research abandoned by the former.",
keywords = "United Kingdom, Agricultural and food research, Restructuring, Privatisation",
author = "Colin Thirtle and Paolo Palladino and Jenifer Piesse",
year = "1997",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1016/S0048-7333(97)00031-0",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "557--576",
journal = "Research Policy",
issn = "0048-7333",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4-5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the Organisation of Agricultural Research in Great Britain, 1945-1994

T2 - A Quantitative Description and Appraisal of Recent Reforms

AU - Thirtle, Colin

AU - Palladino, Paolo

AU - Piesse, Jenifer

PY - 1997/12

Y1 - 1997/12

N2 - In this paper we review recent, radical changes in the structure and funding of agricultural and food research in the United Kingdom. We assemble data on the contributions of both public and private institutions during the past fifty years to put these changes in greater perspective. They are then explained by the interaction of proactive governmental policies for the agricultural and food industries, driven by external considerations, with more reactive policies, motivated by problems particular to these industries. Essentially, the assumption that government intervention is required only when market incentives fail has dictated that public funding should be reallocated from technology transfer activities, and ‘productivity enhancing’ and ‘near market’ research, to ‘basic’ research, which affects a broader range of industries than just the food and agriculture industries, and to ‘public interest’ research on pressing problems of food safety and environmental protection. We conclude that the much heralded notion of ‘progress through partnership’ of the public and private sectors is not succeeding since the latter has not, taken up the research abandoned by the former.

AB - In this paper we review recent, radical changes in the structure and funding of agricultural and food research in the United Kingdom. We assemble data on the contributions of both public and private institutions during the past fifty years to put these changes in greater perspective. They are then explained by the interaction of proactive governmental policies for the agricultural and food industries, driven by external considerations, with more reactive policies, motivated by problems particular to these industries. Essentially, the assumption that government intervention is required only when market incentives fail has dictated that public funding should be reallocated from technology transfer activities, and ‘productivity enhancing’ and ‘near market’ research, to ‘basic’ research, which affects a broader range of industries than just the food and agriculture industries, and to ‘public interest’ research on pressing problems of food safety and environmental protection. We conclude that the much heralded notion of ‘progress through partnership’ of the public and private sectors is not succeeding since the latter has not, taken up the research abandoned by the former.

KW - United Kingdom

KW - Agricultural and food research

KW - Restructuring

KW - Privatisation

U2 - 10.1016/S0048-7333(97)00031-0

DO - 10.1016/S0048-7333(97)00031-0

M3 - Journal article

VL - 26

SP - 557

EP - 576

JO - Research Policy

JF - Research Policy

SN - 0048-7333

IS - 4-5

ER -