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Robust Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access for Aerial and Ground Users

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

E-pub ahead of print
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>17/04/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)1-13
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date17/04/20
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

In this paper, we consider a downlink wireless communication system with the co-existence of ground user (GU) and mobile aerial user (AU). Existing solutions rely on orthogonal multiple access (OMA) to support these users, however, OMA is unable to provide the best rate and outage performance because its spectral efficiency is limited by the users’ channel conditions and rate requirements. Thus, we propose an aerial-ground non-orthogonal multiple access (AG-NOMA) scheme that pairs the GU and AU for data and control links, respectively. Unlike terrestrial non-orthgonal multiple access (NOMA), the key idea of AG-NOMA is to exploit the asymmetric features of the channels and rate demands of the GU and AU in the downlink communication. Based on these opportunities, we investigate the maximum achievable GU rate over a time-varying wireless channel while satisfying the AU Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirement with perfect and partial channel state information (CSI). For perfect CSI, we derive the optimal successive interference cancellation (SIC) policy, power allocation, GU rate, and feasibility conditions in closed-form expressions. For partial CSI, we also derive the suboptimal SIC policy and power allocation in closed-form expressions, and further discussed a tradeoff between the achievable rate and reliability. This tradeoff depends on the system parameters, and thus we have suggested some appropriate parameters based on theoretical support and standard requirements to strike a balance between rate and reliability. Our simulation results show that AG-NOMA scheme with perfect and partial CSI can achieve up to +99% GU rate-improvement as compared to OMA and provide a more sustainable rate-improvement and/or lower outage probability than terrestrial NOMA scheme.

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©2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.