Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > The role of the home environment in neurocognit...

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

The role of the home environment in neurocognitive development of children living in extreme poverty and with frequent illnesses: a cross-sectional study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

E-pub ahead of print

Standard

The role of the home environment in neurocognitive development of children living in extreme poverty and with frequent illnesses : a cross-sectional study. / Nampijja, Margaret; Kizindo, Robert; Apule, Barbara; Lule, Swaib A.; Muhangi, Lawrence; Titman, Andrew; Elliott, Alison ; Alcock, Katherine Jane; Lewis, Charles Neville.

In: Wellcome Open Research, Vol. 3, 152, 03.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Nampijja, Margaret ; Kizindo, Robert ; Apule, Barbara ; Lule, Swaib A. ; Muhangi, Lawrence ; Titman, Andrew ; Elliott, Alison ; Alcock, Katherine Jane ; Lewis, Charles Neville. / The role of the home environment in neurocognitive development of children living in extreme poverty and with frequent illnesses : a cross-sectional study. In: Wellcome Open Research. 2018 ; Vol. 3.

Bibtex

@article{254361a5548747428ad0960e0d894218,
title = "The role of the home environment in neurocognitive development of children living in extreme poverty and with frequent illnesses: a cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Background: The home environment is reported to contribute significantly to children's developing cognitive skills. However, it is not yet evident whether this role prevails in the context of extreme poverty and frequent ill-health. We therefore investigated the role of the home environment in Ugandan children taking into account the frequent infections and extreme poverty in which they lived. Methods: Cognitive abilities of 163 5-year-old children were assessed. Home environments of these children, their health status and family socioeconomic status (SES) were assessed respectively using the EC-HOME, anthropometry and illnesses, and traditional SES measures. Structural equation analyses compared five models on the influence of the home environment, SES, and child health on the cognitive scores. Results: The model in which the home environment mediates the combined influence of SES and child health on cognitive performance showed a particularly good fit to the data compared with the four alternative models, i.e. those in which the HOME, SES and health independently influence cognitive performance. Conclusions: Home environments providing cognitive stimulation can enable children to overcome effects of major adverse life experiences on cognitive development.",
keywords = "home environment, poverty, health status, child, cognitive function",
author = "Margaret Nampijja and Robert Kizindo and Barbara Apule and Lule, {Swaib A.} and Lawrence Muhangi and Andrew Titman and Alison Elliott and Alcock, {Katherine Jane} and Lewis, {Charles Neville}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "3",
doi = "10.12688/wellcomeopenres.14702.1",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
journal = "Wellcome Open Research",
issn = "2398-502X",
publisher = "F1000 Research Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of the home environment in neurocognitive development of children living in extreme poverty and with frequent illnesses

T2 - a cross-sectional study

AU - Nampijja, Margaret

AU - Kizindo, Robert

AU - Apule, Barbara

AU - Lule, Swaib A.

AU - Muhangi, Lawrence

AU - Titman, Andrew

AU - Elliott, Alison

AU - Alcock, Katherine Jane

AU - Lewis, Charles Neville

PY - 2018/12/3

Y1 - 2018/12/3

N2 - Background: The home environment is reported to contribute significantly to children's developing cognitive skills. However, it is not yet evident whether this role prevails in the context of extreme poverty and frequent ill-health. We therefore investigated the role of the home environment in Ugandan children taking into account the frequent infections and extreme poverty in which they lived. Methods: Cognitive abilities of 163 5-year-old children were assessed. Home environments of these children, their health status and family socioeconomic status (SES) were assessed respectively using the EC-HOME, anthropometry and illnesses, and traditional SES measures. Structural equation analyses compared five models on the influence of the home environment, SES, and child health on the cognitive scores. Results: The model in which the home environment mediates the combined influence of SES and child health on cognitive performance showed a particularly good fit to the data compared with the four alternative models, i.e. those in which the HOME, SES and health independently influence cognitive performance. Conclusions: Home environments providing cognitive stimulation can enable children to overcome effects of major adverse life experiences on cognitive development.

AB - Background: The home environment is reported to contribute significantly to children's developing cognitive skills. However, it is not yet evident whether this role prevails in the context of extreme poverty and frequent ill-health. We therefore investigated the role of the home environment in Ugandan children taking into account the frequent infections and extreme poverty in which they lived. Methods: Cognitive abilities of 163 5-year-old children were assessed. Home environments of these children, their health status and family socioeconomic status (SES) were assessed respectively using the EC-HOME, anthropometry and illnesses, and traditional SES measures. Structural equation analyses compared five models on the influence of the home environment, SES, and child health on the cognitive scores. Results: The model in which the home environment mediates the combined influence of SES and child health on cognitive performance showed a particularly good fit to the data compared with the four alternative models, i.e. those in which the HOME, SES and health independently influence cognitive performance. Conclusions: Home environments providing cognitive stimulation can enable children to overcome effects of major adverse life experiences on cognitive development.

KW - home environment

KW - poverty

KW - health status

KW - child

KW - cognitive function

U2 - 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.14702.1

DO - 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.14702.1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 3

JO - Wellcome Open Research

JF - Wellcome Open Research

SN - 2398-502X

M1 - 152

ER -