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Dr Cain Todd

Senior Lecturer

Cain Todd

County South



Tel: +44 1524 594267

PhD supervision

Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind, Metaethics.


I am Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at Lancaster University. From 2021-23 I will be taking up a Bessel Research Prize position at LMU Munich. I am the co-editor of the journal Emotion Researcher, a founding member of the European Society for Aesthetics, and a co-ordinator of the Culinary Mind Network.

My research lies primairily within the areas of aesthetics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of perception. I have published papers on issues in the philosophy of fiction and literature, on the imagination, on emotion, on the role of feeling and aesthetic judgements in science and mathematics, and on olfactory perception.   

Currently my research focuses on the nature of emotion and imagination with a view to outlining their roles in value judgements and evaluative experience. This research draws heavily on current work in psychology and neuroscience, particularly concerning aesthetic experience.  I am also interested in altered states of consciousness and in temporal perception. I am writing a book 'Aesthetics and Emotion that will be published by Bloomsbury in 2022. 





  • The Philosophy of Wine (London: Routledge 2010). 
  • Aesthetics and Emotion (Bloomsbury: forthcoming)

Edited Volumes

  • Emotion and Value,co-edited with S. Roeser, Oxford University Press (2014)
  • Proceedings of the European Society for Aesthetics,vol. II, 2010 

Articles & Book Chapters

‘In What Sense are Aesthetic Experiences Emotional?’, Routledge Handbook of Emotion Theory ed. A. Scarantino. Forthcoming.

‘Representation and Ephemerality in Olfaction’, in T. Crowther & C. MacCuhmaill (eds.) Perceptual Ephemera (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).

  • ‘Flavours’ (in French) in Deonna & Tieffenbach (eds.) Dictionnaire des Valeurs, Editions d’Ithaque, Collection Science et Metaphysique. (2018)
  • ‘Tasting in Time: the affective and temporal dimensions of flavour perception’. The Monist. Forthcoming.
  • ‘Expressivist Semantics’ (in French), in S. Lemaire(ed.) Handbook of Metaethics. Hachette. Forthcoming.
  • ‘Fitting Feeling and Elegant Proofs: on the psychology of aesthetic evaluation in mathematics.’ Philosophia Mathematica. (2017)
  • ‘Relatively Fitting Emotions and Apparently Objective Values’, in S. Roeser & C. Todd (eds.) Emotion and Value (Oxford University Press, 2014), pp. 90-104.
  • ‘Why We Do Not Perceive Aesthetic Properties’, in A. Reboul (ed.) Mind, Value and Metaphysics: philosophical papers dedicated to Kevin Mulligan vol. 2 (Springer, 2014), pp. 105-17.
  • ‘Emotion and Value’, Philosophy Compass vol. 9(2014), pp. 702-12.
  • ‘Literature, Attention, and Epistemic Emotions’, in I. Vendrell Ferran & C. Demmerling (eds.) Wahrheit, Wissen und Erkenntnis in Literatur (Akademie Verlag, 2014) [in German]
  • ‘Attention, Negative Valence, and Tragic Emotions’, in J. Levinson & P. Destrée (eds.) Suffering Art Gladly: The Paradox of Negative Emotions in Art (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), pp. 224-45.
  • ‘Intentionality of Emotion’, in H. Pashler (ed.) The Encyclopedia of the Mind (Sage, 2013).
  • ‘Imagination, Attention, and Depiction’, Rivista di Estetica 53 (2013), pp. 89-108. [in Italian]
  • ‘Attending Emotionally to Fiction’, The Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (2012), pp. 449-65.
  • ‘Imagination, Expressiveness, and Expression in the Case of Wine’, in N. Zangwill & A. Hamilton (eds.) Scruton’s Aesthetics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), pp. 234-49.
  • ‘Imagination, Fantasy, and Sexual Desire’, in H. Maes & J. Levinson (eds.) Art and Pornography (Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 95-115.
  • ‘The Importance of the Aesthetic’, in A. Holden & D. Fennell (ed.) Routledge Handbook of Tourism and the Environment (Routledge, 2012), pp. 65-74.
  • ‘Expression and Objectivity in Wine’, Rivista di Estetica 51 (2012), pp. 95-116.
  • ‘Perceiving Expressiveness in Inanimate Objects’, Dialogue 51 (2012), pp. 129­39. [in French].
  • ‘Imaginability, Morality, and Fictional Truth: Dissolving the Puzzle of ‘Imaginative ‘Resistance’’, Philosophical Studies 143 (2009), pp. 187-211.
  • ‘Nature, Beauty and Tourism’, in J. Tribe (ed.) Philosophical Issues in Tourism (Channel View, 2009), pp. 154-70.
  • ‘Unmasking the Truth beneath the Beauty: why the supposed aesthetic judgements made in science may not be aesthetic at all’, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (1) (2008), pp. 61-79.
  • 'Aesthetic, Ethical, and Cognitive Value', South African Journal of Philosophy 26 (2) (2007), pp. 216-27.26, No. 2 (2007)
  • ‘The Aesthetic Appreciation of Cricket’, Sport in Society 10 (2007), pp. 856-77.
  • ‘George Dickie’, in J. Vickery & D. Costello (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary
  • Thinkers (Berg, 2007), pp. 125-8.

    • ‘Quasi-Realism, Acquaintance, and the Normative Claims of Aesthetic Judgement’,
    British Journal of Aesthetics 44 (3) (2004), pp. 277-96.
  • ‘Imagination, Attitude, and Experience’, Postgraduate Journal of Aesthetics, 1 (1) (2004): 10-7.

Book Reviews (selection)

  • ‘Art, Mind, and Narrative: Themes from the Work of Peter Goldie’ (Julian Dodd (ed.) Oxford University Press 2016). In Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (2017).  
  • ‘Knowing What to Do’ (Tim Chappell, Oxford University Press, 2014). In Analysis (2017)
  • ‘The Philosophy of Wine’ (Bela Hamvas, Media Kiado Press, 2016). In Hungarian Cultural Studies (2017)
  • ‘On Emotions: philosophical essays’ (ed. J. Deigh, Oxford University Press, 2013). In Journal of Moral Philosophy (2016).
  • ‘The Virtues of the Table: How to Eat and Think’ (J. Baggini, Granta Press, 2013). In Times Literary Supplement (2012)
  •  ‘Dying on the Vine: How phylloxera transformed wine’ (G. Gale, University of California Press, 2011). In Metascience 21 (2012): 759–61.
  • ‘Fiction and the Weave of Life’ (J. Gibson, Oxford University Press, 2007). In Analysis 69 (2009): 594-6.
  • ‘Values of Beauty: Historical Essays in Aesthetics’ (P. Guyer, Cambridge University Press, 2005). In The Philosophical Quarterly 57 (2007): 313-6.
  • ‘Art and Intention: a Philosophical Study’ (P. Livingston, Clarendon Press, 2005). In The Philosophical Quarterly, 57 (2007): 153-6.
  • ‘An Introduction to the Philosophy of Art’ (R. Eldridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003). In British Journal of Aesthetics 45: 192-13.
  • ‘Recreative Minds: Imagination in Philosophy and Psychology’ (G. Currie and I. Ravenscroft, Oxford University Press, 2002). In British Journal of Aesthetics 43 (2003): 419-22.
  • ‘The Transhistorical Image: Philosophizing Art and its History’ (P. Crowther, Cambridge University Press, 2002). In Philosophy in Review 10 (2003). 

Media & Public Engagement

  • ‘Do Experts Taste the Same Wine as Non-experts?’, Times Literary Supplement (November 2017)
  • Leading various wine tasting courses and events on the philosophy of wine in London, Cambridge, Geneva, Brussels, Paris, and Porto Alegre (2009-present)
  • Various articles and reviews for Berfois Magazine [http://www.berfrois.com] (2011-present)
  • ‘Aesthetic Disagreement’, The Philosophers’ Magazine (2012)
  • Interview on ABC Radio ‘Philosophers Zone’ on The Philosophy of Wine [http://www.abc.net.au/rn/philosopherszone/stories/2011/3127689.htm] (February 2011)
  •  ‘Fiction, Emotion, and Imagination’, Festival of Ideas,University of Cambridge  [http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/227539] (October 2010)
  • ‘Taste and Objectivity’, Harrow School Lecture (October 2010)

Research Activities

Winner of a Humboldt Foundation Bessel Research Prize 2021-22

I am the co-editor of Emotion Researcher

From January 2011 - 2014 I was based at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland where I co-ran a 3 year research project 'Imagination, Emotion, and Value' which explored the role of imagination and emotion in judgements of value.

In 2014 I was a visiting researcher at Institut Jean Nicod in Paris.

I am an affiliated member of the Thumos research group on Emotions and Value at the University of Geneva 

I was the Treasurer and a founding member of the European Society for Aesthetics: www.eurosa.org.

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