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A coherent nanomechanical oscillator driven by single-electron tunnelling

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A coherent nanomechanical oscillator driven by single-electron tunnelling. / Wen, Yutian; Ares, N.; Schupp, F. J.; Pei, T.; Briggs, G. A. D.; Laird, Edward.

In: Nature physics, Vol. 16, No. 1, 31.01.2020, p. 75-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Wen, Y, Ares, N, Schupp, FJ, Pei, T, Briggs, GAD & Laird, E 2020, 'A coherent nanomechanical oscillator driven by single-electron tunnelling', Nature physics, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 75-82. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-019-0683-5

APA

Wen, Y., Ares, N., Schupp, F. J., Pei, T., Briggs, G. A. D., & Laird, E. (2020). A coherent nanomechanical oscillator driven by single-electron tunnelling. Nature physics, 16(1), 75-82. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-019-0683-5

Vancouver

Wen Y, Ares N, Schupp FJ, Pei T, Briggs GAD, Laird E. A coherent nanomechanical oscillator driven by single-electron tunnelling. Nature physics. 2020 Jan 31;16(1):75-82. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-019-0683-5

Author

Wen, Yutian ; Ares, N. ; Schupp, F. J. ; Pei, T. ; Briggs, G. A. D. ; Laird, Edward. / A coherent nanomechanical oscillator driven by single-electron tunnelling. In: Nature physics. 2020 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 75-82.

Bibtex

@article{e783c9d37fec4456952cc14ab480abaa,
title = "A coherent nanomechanical oscillator driven by single-electron tunnelling",
abstract = "A single-electron transistor embedded in a nanomechanical resonator represents an extreme limit of electron–phonon coupling. While it allows fast and sensitive electromechanical measurements, it also introduces back-action forces from electron tunnelling that randomly perturb the mechanical state. Despite the stochastic nature of this back-action, it has been predicted to create self-sustaining coherent mechanical oscillations under strong coupling conditions. Here, we verify this prediction using real-time measurements of a vibrating carbon nanotube transistor. This electromechanical oscillator has some similarities with a laser. The single-electron transistor pumped by an electrical bias acts as a gain medium and the resonator acts as a phonon cavity. Although the operating principle is unconventional because it does not involve stimulated emission, we confirm that the output is coherent. We demonstrate other analogues of laser behaviour, including injection locking, classical squeezing through anharmonicity and frequency narrowing through feedback.",
author = "Yutian Wen and N. Ares and Schupp, {F. J.} and T. Pei and Briggs, {G. A. D.} and Edward Laird",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2019 Springer Nature Limited",
year = "2020",
month = jan,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1038/s41567-019-0683-5",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "75--82",
journal = "Nature physics",
issn = "1745-2473",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A coherent nanomechanical oscillator driven by single-electron tunnelling

AU - Wen, Yutian

AU - Ares, N.

AU - Schupp, F. J.

AU - Pei, T.

AU - Briggs, G. A. D.

AU - Laird, Edward

N1 - © 2019 Springer Nature Limited

PY - 2020/1/31

Y1 - 2020/1/31

N2 - A single-electron transistor embedded in a nanomechanical resonator represents an extreme limit of electron–phonon coupling. While it allows fast and sensitive electromechanical measurements, it also introduces back-action forces from electron tunnelling that randomly perturb the mechanical state. Despite the stochastic nature of this back-action, it has been predicted to create self-sustaining coherent mechanical oscillations under strong coupling conditions. Here, we verify this prediction using real-time measurements of a vibrating carbon nanotube transistor. This electromechanical oscillator has some similarities with a laser. The single-electron transistor pumped by an electrical bias acts as a gain medium and the resonator acts as a phonon cavity. Although the operating principle is unconventional because it does not involve stimulated emission, we confirm that the output is coherent. We demonstrate other analogues of laser behaviour, including injection locking, classical squeezing through anharmonicity and frequency narrowing through feedback.

AB - A single-electron transistor embedded in a nanomechanical resonator represents an extreme limit of electron–phonon coupling. While it allows fast and sensitive electromechanical measurements, it also introduces back-action forces from electron tunnelling that randomly perturb the mechanical state. Despite the stochastic nature of this back-action, it has been predicted to create self-sustaining coherent mechanical oscillations under strong coupling conditions. Here, we verify this prediction using real-time measurements of a vibrating carbon nanotube transistor. This electromechanical oscillator has some similarities with a laser. The single-electron transistor pumped by an electrical bias acts as a gain medium and the resonator acts as a phonon cavity. Although the operating principle is unconventional because it does not involve stimulated emission, we confirm that the output is coherent. We demonstrate other analogues of laser behaviour, including injection locking, classical squeezing through anharmonicity and frequency narrowing through feedback.

U2 - 10.1038/s41567-019-0683-5

DO - 10.1038/s41567-019-0683-5

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31915459

VL - 16

SP - 75

EP - 82

JO - Nature physics

JF - Nature physics

SN - 1745-2473

IS - 1

ER -