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A constant dark matter halo surface density in galaxies

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • F. Donato
  • G. Gentile
  • Paolo Salucci
  • Christiane Frigerio Martins
  • M. I. Wilkinson
  • G. Gilmore
  • E.K. Grebel
  • Andreas Koch
  • R. Wyse
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/08/2009
<mark>Journal</mark>Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1169-1176
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


We confirm and extend the recent finding that the central surface density μ0D≡r0ρ0 of galaxy dark matter haloes, where r0 and ρ0 are the halo core radius and central density, is nearly constant and independent of galaxy luminosity. Based on the co-added rotation curves (RCs) of ∼1000 spiral galaxies, the mass models of individual dwarf irregular and spiral galaxies of late and early types with high-quality RCs, and the galaxy–galaxy weak-lensing signals from a sample of spiral and elliptical galaxies, we find that log μ0D= 2.15 ± 0.2 in units of log(M⊙ pc−2). We also show that the observed kinematics of Local Group dwarf spheroidal galaxies are consistent with this value. Our results are obtained for galactic systems spanning over 14 mag, belonging to different Hubble types and whose mass profiles have been determined by several independent methods. In the same objects, the approximate constancy of μ0D is in sharp contrast to the systematical variations, by several orders of magnitude, of galaxy properties, including ρ0 and central stellar surface density.