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A gas-free powder delivery system for 100% deposition efficiency in Direct Laser Deposition

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paperpeer-review

Published

Standard

A gas-free powder delivery system for 100% deposition efficiency in Direct Laser Deposition. / Wang, W.; Pinkerton, A.J.; Li, L.

Proceedings of the 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-optics (ICALEO). Laser Institute of America, 2008. p. 415-423.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paperpeer-review

Harvard

Wang, W, Pinkerton, AJ & Li, L 2008, A gas-free powder delivery system for 100% deposition efficiency in Direct Laser Deposition. in Proceedings of the 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-optics (ICALEO). Laser Institute of America, pp. 415-423.

APA

Wang, W., Pinkerton, A. J., & Li, L. (2008). A gas-free powder delivery system for 100% deposition efficiency in Direct Laser Deposition. In Proceedings of the 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-optics (ICALEO) (pp. 415-423). Laser Institute of America.

Vancouver

Wang W, Pinkerton AJ, Li L. A gas-free powder delivery system for 100% deposition efficiency in Direct Laser Deposition. In Proceedings of the 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-optics (ICALEO). Laser Institute of America. 2008. p. 415-423

Author

Wang, W. ; Pinkerton, A.J. ; Li, L. / A gas-free powder delivery system for 100% deposition efficiency in Direct Laser Deposition. Proceedings of the 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-optics (ICALEO). Laser Institute of America, 2008. pp. 415-423

Bibtex

@inproceedings{2ff1a689c45d45e4b4aa45c94bc03f71,
title = "A gas-free powder delivery system for 100% deposition efficiency in Direct Laser Deposition",
abstract = "Metal powder delivery systems have been used widely in Direct Laser Deposition (DLD) processes. Most current commercial DLD systems use a gas to carry the metallic powders to the point of delivery through a feed tube and then a nozzle. The major drawback of this method is that wastage of the expensive powder is very high. To overcome or mitigate this process deficiency, a gas-free Powder Delivery System (PDS) has been developed. The system uses sonic/ultrasonic vibration to exert a distributed driving force on the powder and assist its deliver to the laser generated melt pool. Three different PDS configurations (off-axial, coaxial and multiple-stream) were designed and evaluated. Experimental tests showed that the powder flow rate from these nozzles is both highly stable and has fast dynamic response to the vibration. Trials were carried out with a 1.5 kW diode laser and a 1 kW single mode fibre laser to deposit copper, steel and Inconel 718. They showed that 100% deposition efficiency can be achieved by using the developed gas-free PDS. The deposition qualities in term of surface roughness, microstructure and porosity are studied and compare favourably with the results produced by a conventional gas feed system operating at the same parameters.",
author = "W. Wang and A.J. Pinkerton and L. Li",
year = "2008",
language = "English",
pages = "415--423",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-optics (ICALEO)",
publisher = "Laser Institute of America",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - A gas-free powder delivery system for 100% deposition efficiency in Direct Laser Deposition

AU - Wang, W.

AU - Pinkerton, A.J.

AU - Li, L.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Metal powder delivery systems have been used widely in Direct Laser Deposition (DLD) processes. Most current commercial DLD systems use a gas to carry the metallic powders to the point of delivery through a feed tube and then a nozzle. The major drawback of this method is that wastage of the expensive powder is very high. To overcome or mitigate this process deficiency, a gas-free Powder Delivery System (PDS) has been developed. The system uses sonic/ultrasonic vibration to exert a distributed driving force on the powder and assist its deliver to the laser generated melt pool. Three different PDS configurations (off-axial, coaxial and multiple-stream) were designed and evaluated. Experimental tests showed that the powder flow rate from these nozzles is both highly stable and has fast dynamic response to the vibration. Trials were carried out with a 1.5 kW diode laser and a 1 kW single mode fibre laser to deposit copper, steel and Inconel 718. They showed that 100% deposition efficiency can be achieved by using the developed gas-free PDS. The deposition qualities in term of surface roughness, microstructure and porosity are studied and compare favourably with the results produced by a conventional gas feed system operating at the same parameters.

AB - Metal powder delivery systems have been used widely in Direct Laser Deposition (DLD) processes. Most current commercial DLD systems use a gas to carry the metallic powders to the point of delivery through a feed tube and then a nozzle. The major drawback of this method is that wastage of the expensive powder is very high. To overcome or mitigate this process deficiency, a gas-free Powder Delivery System (PDS) has been developed. The system uses sonic/ultrasonic vibration to exert a distributed driving force on the powder and assist its deliver to the laser generated melt pool. Three different PDS configurations (off-axial, coaxial and multiple-stream) were designed and evaluated. Experimental tests showed that the powder flow rate from these nozzles is both highly stable and has fast dynamic response to the vibration. Trials were carried out with a 1.5 kW diode laser and a 1 kW single mode fibre laser to deposit copper, steel and Inconel 718. They showed that 100% deposition efficiency can be achieved by using the developed gas-free PDS. The deposition qualities in term of surface roughness, microstructure and porosity are studied and compare favourably with the results produced by a conventional gas feed system operating at the same parameters.

M3 - Conference contribution/Paper

SP - 415

EP - 423

BT - Proceedings of the 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-optics (ICALEO)

PB - Laser Institute of America

ER -