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A novel application of natural fluorescence to understand the sources and transport pathways of pollutants from livestock farming in small headwater catchments

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A novel application of natural fluorescence to understand the sources and transport pathways of pollutants from livestock farming in small headwater catchments. / Old, G H; Naden, P S; Granger, S J et al.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 417-418, 15.02.2012, p. 169-182.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Old, GH, Naden, PS, Granger, SJ, Bilotta, GS, Brazier, RE, Macleod, CJA, Krueger, T, Bol, R, Hawkins, JMB, Haygarth, P & Freer, J 2012, 'A novel application of natural fluorescence to understand the sources and transport pathways of pollutants from livestock farming in small headwater catchments', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 417-418, pp. 169-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.013

APA

Old, G. H., Naden, P. S., Granger, S. J., Bilotta, G. S., Brazier, R. E., Macleod, C. J. A., Krueger, T., Bol, R., Hawkins, J. M. B., Haygarth, P., & Freer, J. (2012). A novel application of natural fluorescence to understand the sources and transport pathways of pollutants from livestock farming in small headwater catchments. Science of the Total Environment, 417-418, 169-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.013

Vancouver

Old GH, Naden PS, Granger SJ, Bilotta GS, Brazier RE, Macleod CJA et al. A novel application of natural fluorescence to understand the sources and transport pathways of pollutants from livestock farming in small headwater catchments. Science of the Total Environment. 2012 Feb 15;417-418:169-182. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.013

Author

Old, G H ; Naden, P S ; Granger, S J et al. / A novel application of natural fluorescence to understand the sources and transport pathways of pollutants from livestock farming in small headwater catchments. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2012 ; Vol. 417-418. pp. 169-182.

Bibtex

@article{0aa38c5ad4ed4ea3a017d5ec14281dc6,
title = "A novel application of natural fluorescence to understand the sources and transport pathways of pollutants from livestock farming in small headwater catchments",
abstract = "This paper demonstrates the application of a low-cost and rapid natural fluorescence technique for tracing and quantifying the transport of pollutants from livestock farming through a small headwater catchment. Fluorescence intensities of Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) present in different pollutant sources and drainage waters in the Den Brook catchment (Devon, UK) were monitored through storm events occurring between January 2007 and June 2008. Contrasting fluorescence signals from different sources confirmed the technique's usefulness as a tracer of pollutants from livestock farming. Changes in fluorescence intensities of drainage waters throughout storm events were used to assess the dynamics of key pollutant sources. The farmyard area of the catchment studied was shown to contribute polluted runoff at the onset of storm events in response to only small amounts of rain, when flows in the Den Brook first-order channel were low. The application of slurry to a field within the catchment did not elevate the fluorescence of drainage waters during storm events suggesting that when slurry is applied to undrained fields the fluorescent DOM may become quickly adsorbed onto soil particles and/or immobilised through bacterial breakdown. Fluorescence intensities of drainage waters were successfully combined with discharge data in a two component mixing model to estimate pollutant fluxes from key sources during the January 2007 storm event. The farmyard was shown to be the dominant source of tryptophan-like material, contributing 61-81% of the total event flux at the catchment outlet. High spatial and temporal resolution measurements of fluorescence, possibly using novel in-situ fluorimeters, may thus have great potential in quickly identifying and quantifying the presence, dynamics and sources of pollutants from livestock farming in catchments.",
keywords = "Fluorescence, Dissolved organic matter, Agricultural pollution, Tracing pollutants , Headwater stream , Eutrophication",
author = "Old, {G H} and Naden, {P S} and Granger, {S J} and Bilotta, {G S} and Brazier, {R E} and Macleod, {C J A} and T Krueger and R Bol and Hawkins, {J M B} and P Haygarth and J Freer",
year = "2012",
month = feb,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.013",
language = "English",
volume = "417-418",
pages = "169--182",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A novel application of natural fluorescence to understand the sources and transport pathways of pollutants from livestock farming in small headwater catchments

AU - Old, G H

AU - Naden, P S

AU - Granger, S J

AU - Bilotta, G S

AU - Brazier, R E

AU - Macleod, C J A

AU - Krueger, T

AU - Bol, R

AU - Hawkins, J M B

AU - Haygarth, P

AU - Freer, J

PY - 2012/2/15

Y1 - 2012/2/15

N2 - This paper demonstrates the application of a low-cost and rapid natural fluorescence technique for tracing and quantifying the transport of pollutants from livestock farming through a small headwater catchment. Fluorescence intensities of Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) present in different pollutant sources and drainage waters in the Den Brook catchment (Devon, UK) were monitored through storm events occurring between January 2007 and June 2008. Contrasting fluorescence signals from different sources confirmed the technique's usefulness as a tracer of pollutants from livestock farming. Changes in fluorescence intensities of drainage waters throughout storm events were used to assess the dynamics of key pollutant sources. The farmyard area of the catchment studied was shown to contribute polluted runoff at the onset of storm events in response to only small amounts of rain, when flows in the Den Brook first-order channel were low. The application of slurry to a field within the catchment did not elevate the fluorescence of drainage waters during storm events suggesting that when slurry is applied to undrained fields the fluorescent DOM may become quickly adsorbed onto soil particles and/or immobilised through bacterial breakdown. Fluorescence intensities of drainage waters were successfully combined with discharge data in a two component mixing model to estimate pollutant fluxes from key sources during the January 2007 storm event. The farmyard was shown to be the dominant source of tryptophan-like material, contributing 61-81% of the total event flux at the catchment outlet. High spatial and temporal resolution measurements of fluorescence, possibly using novel in-situ fluorimeters, may thus have great potential in quickly identifying and quantifying the presence, dynamics and sources of pollutants from livestock farming in catchments.

AB - This paper demonstrates the application of a low-cost and rapid natural fluorescence technique for tracing and quantifying the transport of pollutants from livestock farming through a small headwater catchment. Fluorescence intensities of Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) present in different pollutant sources and drainage waters in the Den Brook catchment (Devon, UK) were monitored through storm events occurring between January 2007 and June 2008. Contrasting fluorescence signals from different sources confirmed the technique's usefulness as a tracer of pollutants from livestock farming. Changes in fluorescence intensities of drainage waters throughout storm events were used to assess the dynamics of key pollutant sources. The farmyard area of the catchment studied was shown to contribute polluted runoff at the onset of storm events in response to only small amounts of rain, when flows in the Den Brook first-order channel were low. The application of slurry to a field within the catchment did not elevate the fluorescence of drainage waters during storm events suggesting that when slurry is applied to undrained fields the fluorescent DOM may become quickly adsorbed onto soil particles and/or immobilised through bacterial breakdown. Fluorescence intensities of drainage waters were successfully combined with discharge data in a two component mixing model to estimate pollutant fluxes from key sources during the January 2007 storm event. The farmyard was shown to be the dominant source of tryptophan-like material, contributing 61-81% of the total event flux at the catchment outlet. High spatial and temporal resolution measurements of fluorescence, possibly using novel in-situ fluorimeters, may thus have great potential in quickly identifying and quantifying the presence, dynamics and sources of pollutants from livestock farming in catchments.

KW - Fluorescence

KW - Dissolved organic matter

KW - Agricultural pollution

KW - Tracing pollutants

KW - Headwater stream

KW - Eutrophication

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84857034629&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.013

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.013

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22277148

VL - 417-418

SP - 169

EP - 182

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -