Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > A survey of the anisotropy of the outer electro...

Associated organisational unit

View graph of relations

A survey of the anisotropy of the outer electron radiation belt during high-speed-stream-driven storms

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

A survey of the anisotropy of the outer electron radiation belt during high-speed-stream-driven storms. / Borovsky, J.E.; Denton, M.H.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, No. A05201, 05.2011, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Borovsky, J.E. ; Denton, M.H. / A survey of the anisotropy of the outer electron radiation belt during high-speed-stream-driven storms. In: Journal of Geophysical Research. 2011 ; Vol. 116, No. A05201. pp. 1-15.

Bibtex

@article{17edd47599f04ea8b5a53772e0b8fe7b,
title = "A survey of the anisotropy of the outer electron radiation belt during high-speed-stream-driven storms",
abstract = "Electron measurements on board six spacecraft in geosynchronous orbit are superposed-epoch analyzed for 42 high-speed-stream-driven storms. Using pitch angle–resolved fluxes in the range 30 keV to 1.7 MeV, the evolution of the outer electron radiation belt and the suprathermal tail of the electron plasma sheet are studied. The outer electron radiation belt exhibits perpendicular-dominated anisotropies on the dayside and parallel-dominated anisotropies on the nightside consistent with shell splitting in a distorted magnetosphere. The magnitudes of the radiation-belt anisotropies are weak prior to storm onset and become very large during the storms. The magnitudes of the anisotropies lessen with time as the storm ages and the radiation belt heats, probably owing to a weakening of the magnetic field distortion as the storm ages. When a calm before the storm occurs, the dayside radiation belt approaches isotropy, probably owing to pitch angle scattering in the outer plasmasphere that fills during the calm. If no calm before the storm occurs, the dayside radiation belt is strongly perpendicular dominated. The local-time pattern of anisotropy in storms is very different for the suprathermal tail of the electron plasma sheet, which tends to be perpendicular on the nightside and isotropic elsewhere. The magnitudes of the anisotropies of the suprathermal tail are a factor of ∼10 weaker than the anisotropies of the outer electron radiation belt.",
keywords = "HSS storms radiation belt DCS-publications-id, art-1029, DCS-publications-credits, iono, DCS-publications-personnel-id, 123",
author = "J.E. Borovsky and M.H. Denton",
note = "Copyright (2011) American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.",
year = "2011",
month = may,
doi = "10.1029/2010JA016151",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research",
issn = "0148-0227",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "A05201",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A survey of the anisotropy of the outer electron radiation belt during high-speed-stream-driven storms

AU - Borovsky, J.E.

AU - Denton, M.H.

N1 - Copyright (2011) American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

PY - 2011/5

Y1 - 2011/5

N2 - Electron measurements on board six spacecraft in geosynchronous orbit are superposed-epoch analyzed for 42 high-speed-stream-driven storms. Using pitch angle–resolved fluxes in the range 30 keV to 1.7 MeV, the evolution of the outer electron radiation belt and the suprathermal tail of the electron plasma sheet are studied. The outer electron radiation belt exhibits perpendicular-dominated anisotropies on the dayside and parallel-dominated anisotropies on the nightside consistent with shell splitting in a distorted magnetosphere. The magnitudes of the radiation-belt anisotropies are weak prior to storm onset and become very large during the storms. The magnitudes of the anisotropies lessen with time as the storm ages and the radiation belt heats, probably owing to a weakening of the magnetic field distortion as the storm ages. When a calm before the storm occurs, the dayside radiation belt approaches isotropy, probably owing to pitch angle scattering in the outer plasmasphere that fills during the calm. If no calm before the storm occurs, the dayside radiation belt is strongly perpendicular dominated. The local-time pattern of anisotropy in storms is very different for the suprathermal tail of the electron plasma sheet, which tends to be perpendicular on the nightside and isotropic elsewhere. The magnitudes of the anisotropies of the suprathermal tail are a factor of ∼10 weaker than the anisotropies of the outer electron radiation belt.

AB - Electron measurements on board six spacecraft in geosynchronous orbit are superposed-epoch analyzed for 42 high-speed-stream-driven storms. Using pitch angle–resolved fluxes in the range 30 keV to 1.7 MeV, the evolution of the outer electron radiation belt and the suprathermal tail of the electron plasma sheet are studied. The outer electron radiation belt exhibits perpendicular-dominated anisotropies on the dayside and parallel-dominated anisotropies on the nightside consistent with shell splitting in a distorted magnetosphere. The magnitudes of the radiation-belt anisotropies are weak prior to storm onset and become very large during the storms. The magnitudes of the anisotropies lessen with time as the storm ages and the radiation belt heats, probably owing to a weakening of the magnetic field distortion as the storm ages. When a calm before the storm occurs, the dayside radiation belt approaches isotropy, probably owing to pitch angle scattering in the outer plasmasphere that fills during the calm. If no calm before the storm occurs, the dayside radiation belt is strongly perpendicular dominated. The local-time pattern of anisotropy in storms is very different for the suprathermal tail of the electron plasma sheet, which tends to be perpendicular on the nightside and isotropic elsewhere. The magnitudes of the anisotropies of the suprathermal tail are a factor of ∼10 weaker than the anisotropies of the outer electron radiation belt.

KW - HSS storms radiation belt DCS-publications-id

KW - art-1029

KW - DCS-publications-credits

KW - iono

KW - DCS-publications-personnel-id

KW - 123

U2 - 10.1029/2010JA016151

DO - 10.1029/2010JA016151

M3 - Journal article

VL - 116

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research

SN - 0148-0227

IS - A05201

ER -