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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Martin, T., Rothwell, S., &Stevens, C. (2022). An investigation into the principal modes of action of surfactants and how a novel formulation may improve turfgrass quality by increasing the dominance of Agrostiss pp. in golfgreens. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal,14,1010–1015 doi: 10.1002/its2.126 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/its2.126 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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An investigation into the principle modes of action of surfactants and how a novel formulation may improve turfgrass quality by increasing the dominance of Agrostis spp. in golf greens

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An investigation into the principle modes of action of surfactants and how a novel formulation may improve turfgrass quality by increasing the dominance of Agrostis spp. in golf greens. / Martin, Thomas; Rothwell, Shane; Stevens, Carly.

In: International Turfgrass Society Research Journal , Vol. 14, No. 1, 30.06.2022, p. 1010-1015.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

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@article{8cc5e4919c1847cfaf608c0e51dd24c8,
title = "An investigation into the principle modes of action of surfactants and how a novel formulation may improve turfgrass quality by increasing the dominance of Agrostis spp. in golf greens",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to establish the mechanisms underpinning the observations made in a field trial that suggested that a novel surfactant treatment could promote bentgrasses (Agrostis spp.) in golf greens that contain annual meadow grass (Poa annua L.). Assessments of the effects of three surfactant treatments (named Treatments 1, 2, and 3) on shoot height, biomass accumulation, rhizosheath properties, soil water distribution, and rooting characteristics were made over the course of two experiments carried out under controlled conditions. We found that the leaf extension rate was significantly affected in the two grass species to different extents, depending on the surfactant used. This finding could have positive implications for turf quality in the field for a newly developed formulation (Treatment 3), which was observed to be the case in the field trial that pre-dated this study. The same treatment also resulted in significant differences in the grasses in terms of rhizosheath size compared with untreated soil. We found that surfactants affected the distribution of water in the soil by increasing the rhizosheath water content to bulk soil water content ratio, potentially maximizing water and nutrient uptake by the roots. The combination of effects observed with use of the novel surfactant treatment may lead to improved water use efficiency and a more desirable sward composition for golf greens.",
author = "Thomas Martin and Shane Rothwell and Carly Stevens",
note = "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Martin, T., Rothwell, S., &Stevens, C. (2022). An investigation into the principal modes of action of surfactants and how a novel formulation may improve turfgrass quality by increasing the dominance of Agrostiss pp. in golfgreens. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal,14,1010–1015 doi: 10.1002/its2.126 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/its2.126 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.",
year = "2022",
month = jun,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1002/its2.126",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "1010--1015",
journal = "International Turfgrass Society Research Journal ",
issn = "2573-1513",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An investigation into the principle modes of action of surfactants and how a novel formulation may improve turfgrass quality by increasing the dominance of Agrostis spp. in golf greens

AU - Martin, Thomas

AU - Rothwell, Shane

AU - Stevens, Carly

N1 - This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Martin, T., Rothwell, S., &Stevens, C. (2022). An investigation into the principal modes of action of surfactants and how a novel formulation may improve turfgrass quality by increasing the dominance of Agrostiss pp. in golfgreens. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal,14,1010–1015 doi: 10.1002/its2.126 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/its2.126 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

PY - 2022/6/30

Y1 - 2022/6/30

N2 - The aim of this study was to establish the mechanisms underpinning the observations made in a field trial that suggested that a novel surfactant treatment could promote bentgrasses (Agrostis spp.) in golf greens that contain annual meadow grass (Poa annua L.). Assessments of the effects of three surfactant treatments (named Treatments 1, 2, and 3) on shoot height, biomass accumulation, rhizosheath properties, soil water distribution, and rooting characteristics were made over the course of two experiments carried out under controlled conditions. We found that the leaf extension rate was significantly affected in the two grass species to different extents, depending on the surfactant used. This finding could have positive implications for turf quality in the field for a newly developed formulation (Treatment 3), which was observed to be the case in the field trial that pre-dated this study. The same treatment also resulted in significant differences in the grasses in terms of rhizosheath size compared with untreated soil. We found that surfactants affected the distribution of water in the soil by increasing the rhizosheath water content to bulk soil water content ratio, potentially maximizing water and nutrient uptake by the roots. The combination of effects observed with use of the novel surfactant treatment may lead to improved water use efficiency and a more desirable sward composition for golf greens.

AB - The aim of this study was to establish the mechanisms underpinning the observations made in a field trial that suggested that a novel surfactant treatment could promote bentgrasses (Agrostis spp.) in golf greens that contain annual meadow grass (Poa annua L.). Assessments of the effects of three surfactant treatments (named Treatments 1, 2, and 3) on shoot height, biomass accumulation, rhizosheath properties, soil water distribution, and rooting characteristics were made over the course of two experiments carried out under controlled conditions. We found that the leaf extension rate was significantly affected in the two grass species to different extents, depending on the surfactant used. This finding could have positive implications for turf quality in the field for a newly developed formulation (Treatment 3), which was observed to be the case in the field trial that pre-dated this study. The same treatment also resulted in significant differences in the grasses in terms of rhizosheath size compared with untreated soil. We found that surfactants affected the distribution of water in the soil by increasing the rhizosheath water content to bulk soil water content ratio, potentially maximizing water and nutrient uptake by the roots. The combination of effects observed with use of the novel surfactant treatment may lead to improved water use efficiency and a more desirable sward composition for golf greens.

U2 - 10.1002/its2.126

DO - 10.1002/its2.126

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

SP - 1010

EP - 1015

JO - International Turfgrass Society Research Journal

JF - International Turfgrass Society Research Journal

SN - 2573-1513

IS - 1

ER -