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Assimilative real-time models of HF absorption at high latitudes

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Assimilative real-time models of HF absorption at high latitudes. / Rogers, Neil; Honary, Farideh; Hallam, Jonathan; Stocker, A. J.; Warrington, Michael; Siddle, D.; Danskin, D. W.; Jones, Bryn.

Proceedings of the 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium. Boston College, Boston, MA, USA, 2015. p. 1-8 48.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paperpeer-review

Harvard

Rogers, N, Honary, F, Hallam, J, Stocker, AJ, Warrington, M, Siddle, D, Danskin, DW & Jones, B 2015, Assimilative real-time models of HF absorption at high latitudes. in Proceedings of the 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium., 48, Boston College, Boston, MA, USA, pp. 1-8, 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium, Alexandria, Virginia, United States, 12/05/15. <http://ies2015.bc.edu>

APA

Rogers, N., Honary, F., Hallam, J., Stocker, A. J., Warrington, M., Siddle, D., Danskin, D. W., & Jones, B. (2015). Assimilative real-time models of HF absorption at high latitudes. In Proceedings of the 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium (pp. 1-8). [48]. http://ies2015.bc.edu

Vancouver

Rogers N, Honary F, Hallam J, Stocker AJ, Warrington M, Siddle D et al. Assimilative real-time models of HF absorption at high latitudes. In Proceedings of the 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium. Boston College, Boston, MA, USA. 2015. p. 1-8. 48

Author

Rogers, Neil ; Honary, Farideh ; Hallam, Jonathan ; Stocker, A. J. ; Warrington, Michael ; Siddle, D. ; Danskin, D. W. ; Jones, Bryn. / Assimilative real-time models of HF absorption at high latitudes. Proceedings of the 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium. Boston College, Boston, MA, USA, 2015. pp. 1-8

Bibtex

@inproceedings{d7dbf329407f4808bce3fa9ae43fe403,
title = "Assimilative real-time models of HF absorption at high latitudes",
abstract = "Improved real-time HF communications frequency management is required for aircraft on trans-polar routes. Polar cap absorption (PCA) models have therefore been adapted to assimilate real-time measurements of zenithal cosmic radio noise absorption (~ 30 MHz) from a large network of online riometers in Canada and Finland. Two types of PCA model have been developed and improvements to model accuracy following optimisation are quantified. Real-time optimisation is performed by age-weighting riometer measurements in a non-linear regression. This reduces root-mean-square errors (RMSE) from 2-3 dB to less than 1 dB and mean errors to within ±0.2 dB over a wide latitude range. This paper extends previous work by further optimising the models{\textquoteright} dependences on solar-zenith angle to account for differences in the ionospheric response at sunrise and sunset (the Twilight Anomaly). Two models of the rigidity cutoff latitudes are compared and one is optimised in real time by regression to riometer measurements. Whilst measurements from the NASA POES satellites may provide a direct measurement of the rigidity cut-off, it is observed that proton flux measurements from POES often need correcting for relativistic electron contamination for several hours at the start of a PCA event. An optimised real-time absorption model will be integrated into HF ray-tracing propagation predictions relating to measurements of HF signal strengths on a network of HF transmitters and receivers in the high northern latitudes.",
author = "Neil Rogers and Farideh Honary and Jonathan Hallam and Stocker, {A. J.} and Michael Warrington and D. Siddle and Danskin, {D. W.} and Bryn Jones",
year = "2015",
month = may,
day = "12",
language = "English",
pages = "1--8",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium",
note = "14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium ; Conference date: 12-05-2015 Through 14-05-2015",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Assimilative real-time models of HF absorption at high latitudes

AU - Rogers, Neil

AU - Honary, Farideh

AU - Hallam, Jonathan

AU - Stocker, A. J.

AU - Warrington, Michael

AU - Siddle, D.

AU - Danskin, D. W.

AU - Jones, Bryn

PY - 2015/5/12

Y1 - 2015/5/12

N2 - Improved real-time HF communications frequency management is required for aircraft on trans-polar routes. Polar cap absorption (PCA) models have therefore been adapted to assimilate real-time measurements of zenithal cosmic radio noise absorption (~ 30 MHz) from a large network of online riometers in Canada and Finland. Two types of PCA model have been developed and improvements to model accuracy following optimisation are quantified. Real-time optimisation is performed by age-weighting riometer measurements in a non-linear regression. This reduces root-mean-square errors (RMSE) from 2-3 dB to less than 1 dB and mean errors to within ±0.2 dB over a wide latitude range. This paper extends previous work by further optimising the models’ dependences on solar-zenith angle to account for differences in the ionospheric response at sunrise and sunset (the Twilight Anomaly). Two models of the rigidity cutoff latitudes are compared and one is optimised in real time by regression to riometer measurements. Whilst measurements from the NASA POES satellites may provide a direct measurement of the rigidity cut-off, it is observed that proton flux measurements from POES often need correcting for relativistic electron contamination for several hours at the start of a PCA event. An optimised real-time absorption model will be integrated into HF ray-tracing propagation predictions relating to measurements of HF signal strengths on a network of HF transmitters and receivers in the high northern latitudes.

AB - Improved real-time HF communications frequency management is required for aircraft on trans-polar routes. Polar cap absorption (PCA) models have therefore been adapted to assimilate real-time measurements of zenithal cosmic radio noise absorption (~ 30 MHz) from a large network of online riometers in Canada and Finland. Two types of PCA model have been developed and improvements to model accuracy following optimisation are quantified. Real-time optimisation is performed by age-weighting riometer measurements in a non-linear regression. This reduces root-mean-square errors (RMSE) from 2-3 dB to less than 1 dB and mean errors to within ±0.2 dB over a wide latitude range. This paper extends previous work by further optimising the models’ dependences on solar-zenith angle to account for differences in the ionospheric response at sunrise and sunset (the Twilight Anomaly). Two models of the rigidity cutoff latitudes are compared and one is optimised in real time by regression to riometer measurements. Whilst measurements from the NASA POES satellites may provide a direct measurement of the rigidity cut-off, it is observed that proton flux measurements from POES often need correcting for relativistic electron contamination for several hours at the start of a PCA event. An optimised real-time absorption model will be integrated into HF ray-tracing propagation predictions relating to measurements of HF signal strengths on a network of HF transmitters and receivers in the high northern latitudes.

M3 - Conference contribution/Paper

SP - 1

EP - 8

BT - Proceedings of the 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium

CY - Boston College, Boston, MA, USA

T2 - 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium

Y2 - 12 May 2015 through 14 May 2015

ER -