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Bayesian uncertainty management in temporal dependence of extremes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>09/2016
Issue number3
Number of pages25
Pages (from-to)491-515
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date4/06/16
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Both marginal and dependence features must be described when modelling the extremes of a stationary time series. There are standard approaches to marginal modelling, but long- and short-range dependence of extremes may both appear. In applications, an assumption of long-range independence often seems reasonable, but short-range dependence, i.e., the clustering of extremes, needs attention. The extremal index 0 < ≤ 1 is a natural limiting measure of clustering, but for wide classes of dependent processes, including all stationary Gaussian processes, it cannot distinguish dependent processes from independent processes with = 1. Eastoe and Tawn (Biometrika 99, 43–55 2012) exploit methods from multivariate extremes to treat the subasymptotic extremal dependence structure of stationary time series, covering both 0 < <1 and = 1, through the introduction of a threshold-based extremal index. Inference for their dependence models uses an inefficient stepwise procedure that has various weaknesses and has no reliable assessment of uncertainty. We overcome these issues using a Bayesian semiparametric approach. Simulations and the analysis of a UK daily river flow time series show that the new approach provides improved efficiency for estimating properties of functionals of clusters.

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The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10687-016-0258-0