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Body condition constrains immune function in field populations of female Australian plague locust Chortoicetes terminifera

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Body condition constrains immune function in field populations of female Australian plague locust Chortoicetes terminifera. / Graham, Robert; Graham, Juliane; Wilson, Ken; Simpson, Stephen J.

In: Parasite Immunology, Vol. 37, No. 5, 05.2015, p. 233-241.

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@article{8d3f746203184d399a1fc746342068b3,
title = "Body condition constrains immune function in field populations of female Australian plague locust Chortoicetes terminifera",
abstract = "The insect innate immune system comprises both humoral and cellular defence responses. In the laboratory, the insect immune system is well characterized. In the field, however, little is known about the role of constitutive insect immune function and how it varies within and between populations. Laboratory studies suggest that host nutrition has significant impact upon insect immune function. Thus, the rationale for this study was to sample natural populations of the Australian Plague Locust Chortoicetes terminifera to establish whether locust body condition (as determined by protein and lipid content) impacted their constitutive immune system and, as a result, has the potential to impact on their capacity to respond to a pathogenic challenge. We found that body condition varied greatly between individual female locusts within sites and that haemolymph protein levels, but not body lipid content, varied between sites. Moreover, our measures of immune function were correlated with the haemolymph levels of protein (in the case of haemocyte density), lipid (prophenoloxidase activity) or both (lysozyme-like antimicrobial activity). We discuss the implications of these findings for the role of biological pesticides in the control of locust populations.",
keywords = "Australian plague locust, Chortoicetes terminifera, ecological immunology, immune function, nutrition ecology",
author = "Robert Graham and Juliane Graham and Ken Wilson and Simpson, {Stephen J.}",
year = "2015",
month = may,
doi = "10.1111/pim.12179",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "233--241",
journal = "Parasite Immunology",
issn = "0141-9838",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body condition constrains immune function in field populations of female Australian plague locust Chortoicetes terminifera

AU - Graham, Robert

AU - Graham, Juliane

AU - Wilson, Ken

AU - Simpson, Stephen J.

PY - 2015/5

Y1 - 2015/5

N2 - The insect innate immune system comprises both humoral and cellular defence responses. In the laboratory, the insect immune system is well characterized. In the field, however, little is known about the role of constitutive insect immune function and how it varies within and between populations. Laboratory studies suggest that host nutrition has significant impact upon insect immune function. Thus, the rationale for this study was to sample natural populations of the Australian Plague Locust Chortoicetes terminifera to establish whether locust body condition (as determined by protein and lipid content) impacted their constitutive immune system and, as a result, has the potential to impact on their capacity to respond to a pathogenic challenge. We found that body condition varied greatly between individual female locusts within sites and that haemolymph protein levels, but not body lipid content, varied between sites. Moreover, our measures of immune function were correlated with the haemolymph levels of protein (in the case of haemocyte density), lipid (prophenoloxidase activity) or both (lysozyme-like antimicrobial activity). We discuss the implications of these findings for the role of biological pesticides in the control of locust populations.

AB - The insect innate immune system comprises both humoral and cellular defence responses. In the laboratory, the insect immune system is well characterized. In the field, however, little is known about the role of constitutive insect immune function and how it varies within and between populations. Laboratory studies suggest that host nutrition has significant impact upon insect immune function. Thus, the rationale for this study was to sample natural populations of the Australian Plague Locust Chortoicetes terminifera to establish whether locust body condition (as determined by protein and lipid content) impacted their constitutive immune system and, as a result, has the potential to impact on their capacity to respond to a pathogenic challenge. We found that body condition varied greatly between individual female locusts within sites and that haemolymph protein levels, but not body lipid content, varied between sites. Moreover, our measures of immune function were correlated with the haemolymph levels of protein (in the case of haemocyte density), lipid (prophenoloxidase activity) or both (lysozyme-like antimicrobial activity). We discuss the implications of these findings for the role of biological pesticides in the control of locust populations.

KW - Australian plague locust

KW - Chortoicetes terminifera

KW - ecological immunology

KW - immune function

KW - nutrition ecology

U2 - 10.1111/pim.12179

DO - 10.1111/pim.12179

M3 - Journal article

VL - 37

SP - 233

EP - 241

JO - Parasite Immunology

JF - Parasite Immunology

SN - 0141-9838

IS - 5

ER -