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Calibrating [O II] star formation rates at z > 1 from dual Hα-[O II] imaging from HiZELS

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  • Masao Hayashi
  • David Sobral
  • Philip N. Best
  • Ian Smail
  • Tadayuki Kodama
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/04/2013
<mark>Journal</mark>Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)1042-1050
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date17/01/13
<mark>Original language</mark>English


We investigate the relationship between Hα and [O II](λ3727) emission in faint star-forming galaxies at z = 1.47 with dust uncorrected star formation rates (SFRs) down to 1.4M yr-1, using data in two narrow bands from wide-field camera/United Kingdom Infrared Telescope and Subaru prime focus camera/Subaru. A stacking analysis allows us to investigate Hα emission flux from bright [O II] emitters as well as faint ones for which Hα is not individually detected, and to compare them with a large sample of local galaxies. We find that there is a clear, positive correlation between the average Hα and [O II] luminosities for [O II] emitters at z = 1.47, with its slope being consistent with the local relation. [O II] emitters at z = 1.47 have lower mean observed ratios of Hα/[O II] suggesting a small but systematic offset (at 2.8σ significance) towards lower values of dust attenuation, AHα ~ 0.35, than local galaxies. This confirms that [O II] selection tends to pick up galaxies which are significantly less dusty on average than Hα-selected ones, with the difference being higher at z = 1.47 than at z = 0. The discrepancy of the observed line ratios between [O II] emitters at z=1.47 and the local galaxies may in part be due to the samples having different metallicities. However, we demonstrate that metallicity is unlikely to be the main cause. Therefore, it is important to take into account that the relations for the dust correction which are derived using Hα emitter samples, and frequently used in many studies of high-z galaxies, may overestimate the intrinsic SFRs of [O II]-selected galaxies, and that surveys of [OII] emission galaxies are likely to miss dusty populations.