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Cave aerosols: distribution and contribution to speleothem geochemistry

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Cave aerosols : distribution and contribution to speleothem geochemistry. / Wynn, Peter Michael.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 63, 01.03.2013, p. 23-41.

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Wynn, Peter Michael. / Cave aerosols : distribution and contribution to speleothem geochemistry. In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2013 ; Vol. 63. pp. 23-41.

Bibtex

@article{ed3aee46908642f49370172b87a17ac8,
title = "Cave aerosols: distribution and contribution to speleothem geochemistry",
abstract = "There is developing interest in cave aerosols due to the increasing awareness of their impacts on the cave environment and speleothem; this paper provides the first attempt to synthesize the issues. Processes of cave aerosol introduction, transport, deposition, distribution and incorporation are explored, and reviewed from existing literature. Key issues of specific aerosol processes of distribution and production as well as cave location and morphology effects are highlighted through the presentation of preliminary monitoring data. This study identifies the strong relationship between cave ventilation, cave aerosols and their consequent spatial distribution.The contribution of cave aerosol deposition to speleothem geochemistry is modelled and evaluated using a mass balance framework. As an example, speleothem trace element data from Obir Cave (Austria) are compared with aerosol inputs to evaluate their significance. The mass balance study demonstrates that generally, under normal continuous growth and environmental conditions aerosol deposition will be of only minor importance. However, it highlights specific scenarios in which aerosol contributions will be significant: speleothem hiatuses (or slow growth), high aerosol deposition, and secondary microbiological feedback.",
keywords = "Cave aerosols, Aerosols, Dry deposition, Bioaerosols, Aerosol transport, Speleothem, Geochemistry, Trace elements, Cave ventilation, Bacteria, Fungi, Bioaccumulation",
author = "Wynn, {Peter Michael}",
year = "2013",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.11.016",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "23--41",
journal = "Quaternary Science Reviews",
issn = "0277-3791",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cave aerosols

T2 - distribution and contribution to speleothem geochemistry

AU - Wynn, Peter Michael

PY - 2013/3/1

Y1 - 2013/3/1

N2 - There is developing interest in cave aerosols due to the increasing awareness of their impacts on the cave environment and speleothem; this paper provides the first attempt to synthesize the issues. Processes of cave aerosol introduction, transport, deposition, distribution and incorporation are explored, and reviewed from existing literature. Key issues of specific aerosol processes of distribution and production as well as cave location and morphology effects are highlighted through the presentation of preliminary monitoring data. This study identifies the strong relationship between cave ventilation, cave aerosols and their consequent spatial distribution.The contribution of cave aerosol deposition to speleothem geochemistry is modelled and evaluated using a mass balance framework. As an example, speleothem trace element data from Obir Cave (Austria) are compared with aerosol inputs to evaluate their significance. The mass balance study demonstrates that generally, under normal continuous growth and environmental conditions aerosol deposition will be of only minor importance. However, it highlights specific scenarios in which aerosol contributions will be significant: speleothem hiatuses (or slow growth), high aerosol deposition, and secondary microbiological feedback.

AB - There is developing interest in cave aerosols due to the increasing awareness of their impacts on the cave environment and speleothem; this paper provides the first attempt to synthesize the issues. Processes of cave aerosol introduction, transport, deposition, distribution and incorporation are explored, and reviewed from existing literature. Key issues of specific aerosol processes of distribution and production as well as cave location and morphology effects are highlighted through the presentation of preliminary monitoring data. This study identifies the strong relationship between cave ventilation, cave aerosols and their consequent spatial distribution.The contribution of cave aerosol deposition to speleothem geochemistry is modelled and evaluated using a mass balance framework. As an example, speleothem trace element data from Obir Cave (Austria) are compared with aerosol inputs to evaluate their significance. The mass balance study demonstrates that generally, under normal continuous growth and environmental conditions aerosol deposition will be of only minor importance. However, it highlights specific scenarios in which aerosol contributions will be significant: speleothem hiatuses (or slow growth), high aerosol deposition, and secondary microbiological feedback.

KW - Cave aerosols

KW - Aerosols

KW - Dry deposition

KW - Bioaerosols

KW - Aerosol transport

KW - Speleothem

KW - Geochemistry

KW - Trace elements

KW - Cave ventilation

KW - Bacteria

KW - Fungi

KW - Bioaccumulation

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.11.016

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.11.016

M3 - Journal article

VL - 63

SP - 23

EP - 41

JO - Quaternary Science Reviews

JF - Quaternary Science Reviews

SN - 0277-3791

ER -