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Coincident-point rigidity in normed planes

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>7/09/2023
<mark>Journal</mark>Ars Mathematica Contemporanea
Issue number1
Number of pages17
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date31/03/23
<mark>Original language</mark>English


A bar-joint framework (G,p) is the combination of a graph G and a map p assigning positions, in some space, to the vertices of G. The framework is rigid if every edge-length-preserving continuous motion of the vertices arises from an isometry of the space. We will analyse rigidity when the space is a (non-Euclidean) normed plane and two designated vertices are mapped to the same position. This non-genericity assumption leads us to a count matroid first introduced by Jackson, Kaszanitsky and the third author. We show that independence in this matroid is equivalent to independence as a suitably regular bar-joint framework in a normed plane with two coincident points; this characterises when a regular normed plane coincident-point framework is rigid and allows us to deduce a delete-contract characterisation. We then apply this result to show that an important construction operation (generalised vertex splitting) preserves the stronger property of global rigidity in normed planes and use this to construct rich families of globally rigid graphs when the normed plane is analytic.