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Conclusion: Future Reflections

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  • Simon Batterbury
  • Séverine Bouard
  • Christine Demmer
  • Denise Fisher
  • Matthias Kowasch
  • Isabelle Leblic
  • Pierre-Christophe Pantz
  • Eddie Wayuone Wadrawane
Publication date13/04/2024
Host publicationGeographies of New Caledonia-Kanaky: Environments, politics and cultures
EditorsMatthias Kowasch, Simon Batterbury
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages5
ISBN (electronic)9783031491405
ISBN (print)9783031491399, 9783031491429
<mark>Original language</mark>English


This multi-authored chapter covers some statements and reflections on the geopolitical but also environmental, societal and economic futures in the aftermath of the third referendum in 2021 on political independence, and after the visit of French President Macron to New Caledonia-Kanaky in July 2023. While for the current French government, the future of the country lies within the French Republic, pro-independence parties see the decolonisation process as unfinished and continue fighting for independence from French authority. The political landscape thus remains strongly divided. References to historical events and social and ethnic aspects of voting patterns complete some of the reflections. We also highlight the profound changes which are taking place in rural communities, the future of the nickel sector, and educational reforms.