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Confirmation of double peaked Lyα emission at z = 6.593: Witnessing a galaxy directly contributing to the reionisation of the Universe

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Confirmation of double peaked Lyα emission at z = 6.593 : Witnessing a galaxy directly contributing to the reionisation of the Universe. / Matthee, Jorryt; Sobral, David; Gronke, Max; Paulino-Afonso, Ana; Stefanon, Mauro; Röttgering, Huub.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 619, A136, 11.2018.

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Matthee, J., Sobral, D., Gronke, M., Paulino-Afonso, A., Stefanon, M., & Röttgering, H. (2018). Confirmation of double peaked Lyα emission at z = 6.593: Witnessing a galaxy directly contributing to the reionisation of the Universe. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 619, [A136]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201833528

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Matthee, Jorryt ; Sobral, David ; Gronke, Max ; Paulino-Afonso, Ana ; Stefanon, Mauro ; Röttgering, Huub. / Confirmation of double peaked Lyα emission at z = 6.593 : Witnessing a galaxy directly contributing to the reionisation of the Universe. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2018 ; Vol. 619.

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@article{77aa4354f51a4e1988e90af8013128e9,
title = "Confirmation of double peaked Lyα emission at z = 6.593: Witnessing a galaxy directly contributing to the reionisation of the Universe",
abstract = "Distant luminous Lyman-alpha emitters (LAEs) are excellent targets for spectroscopic observations of galaxies in the epoch of reionisation (EoR). We present deep high-resolution (R=5000) VLT/X-SHOOTER observations, along with an extensive collection of photometric data of `COLA1', a proposed double peaked LAE at z=6.6 (Hu et al. 2016). We rule out that COLA1's emission line is an [OII] doublet at z=1.475 on the basis of i) the asymmetric red line-profile and flux ratio of the peaks (blue/red=$0.31\pm0.03$) and ii) an unphysical [OII]/Ha ratio ([OII]/Ha > 22). We show that COLA1's observed B-band flux is explained by a faint extended foreground LAE, for which we detect Lya and [OIII] at z=2.142. We thus conclude that COLA1 is a real double-peaked LAE at z=6.593, the first discovered at z>6. COLA1 is UV luminous (M$_{1500}=-21.6\pm0.3$), has a high equivalent width (EW$_{0, Ly\alpha}$~85 \AA) and very compact Lya emission (r$_{50, Ly\alpha} = 0.3$ kpc). Relatively weak inferred Hb+[OIII] line-emission from Spitzer/IRAC indicates an extremely low metallicity of Z 6. Based on simple estimates, we find that COLA1 could have provided just enough photons to reionise its own ~0.3 pMpc (2.3 cMpc) bubble, allowing the blue Lya line to be observed. However, we also discuss alternative scenarios explaining the detected double peaked nature of COLA1. Our results show that future high-resolution observations of statistical samples of double peaked LAEs at z>5 are a promising probe of the occurrence of ionised regions around galaxies in the EoR.",
keywords = "astro-ph.GA",
author = "Jorryt Matthee and David Sobral and Max Gronke and Ana Paulino-Afonso and Mauro Stefanon and Huub R{\"o}ttgering",
note = "“Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, {\textcopyright} ESO”.",
year = "2018",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201833528",
language = "English",
volume = "619",
journal = "Astronomy and Astrophysics",
issn = "1432-0746",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Confirmation of double peaked Lyα emission at z = 6.593

T2 - Witnessing a galaxy directly contributing to the reionisation of the Universe

AU - Matthee, Jorryt

AU - Sobral, David

AU - Gronke, Max

AU - Paulino-Afonso, Ana

AU - Stefanon, Mauro

AU - Röttgering, Huub

N1 - “Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO”.

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - Distant luminous Lyman-alpha emitters (LAEs) are excellent targets for spectroscopic observations of galaxies in the epoch of reionisation (EoR). We present deep high-resolution (R=5000) VLT/X-SHOOTER observations, along with an extensive collection of photometric data of `COLA1', a proposed double peaked LAE at z=6.6 (Hu et al. 2016). We rule out that COLA1's emission line is an [OII] doublet at z=1.475 on the basis of i) the asymmetric red line-profile and flux ratio of the peaks (blue/red=$0.31\pm0.03$) and ii) an unphysical [OII]/Ha ratio ([OII]/Ha > 22). We show that COLA1's observed B-band flux is explained by a faint extended foreground LAE, for which we detect Lya and [OIII] at z=2.142. We thus conclude that COLA1 is a real double-peaked LAE at z=6.593, the first discovered at z>6. COLA1 is UV luminous (M$_{1500}=-21.6\pm0.3$), has a high equivalent width (EW$_{0, Ly\alpha}$~85 \AA) and very compact Lya emission (r$_{50, Ly\alpha} = 0.3$ kpc). Relatively weak inferred Hb+[OIII] line-emission from Spitzer/IRAC indicates an extremely low metallicity of Z 6. Based on simple estimates, we find that COLA1 could have provided just enough photons to reionise its own ~0.3 pMpc (2.3 cMpc) bubble, allowing the blue Lya line to be observed. However, we also discuss alternative scenarios explaining the detected double peaked nature of COLA1. Our results show that future high-resolution observations of statistical samples of double peaked LAEs at z>5 are a promising probe of the occurrence of ionised regions around galaxies in the EoR.

AB - Distant luminous Lyman-alpha emitters (LAEs) are excellent targets for spectroscopic observations of galaxies in the epoch of reionisation (EoR). We present deep high-resolution (R=5000) VLT/X-SHOOTER observations, along with an extensive collection of photometric data of `COLA1', a proposed double peaked LAE at z=6.6 (Hu et al. 2016). We rule out that COLA1's emission line is an [OII] doublet at z=1.475 on the basis of i) the asymmetric red line-profile and flux ratio of the peaks (blue/red=$0.31\pm0.03$) and ii) an unphysical [OII]/Ha ratio ([OII]/Ha > 22). We show that COLA1's observed B-band flux is explained by a faint extended foreground LAE, for which we detect Lya and [OIII] at z=2.142. We thus conclude that COLA1 is a real double-peaked LAE at z=6.593, the first discovered at z>6. COLA1 is UV luminous (M$_{1500}=-21.6\pm0.3$), has a high equivalent width (EW$_{0, Ly\alpha}$~85 \AA) and very compact Lya emission (r$_{50, Ly\alpha} = 0.3$ kpc). Relatively weak inferred Hb+[OIII] line-emission from Spitzer/IRAC indicates an extremely low metallicity of Z 6. Based on simple estimates, we find that COLA1 could have provided just enough photons to reionise its own ~0.3 pMpc (2.3 cMpc) bubble, allowing the blue Lya line to be observed. However, we also discuss alternative scenarios explaining the detected double peaked nature of COLA1. Our results show that future high-resolution observations of statistical samples of double peaked LAEs at z>5 are a promising probe of the occurrence of ionised regions around galaxies in the EoR.

KW - astro-ph.GA

U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201833528

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201833528

M3 - Journal article

VL - 619

JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 1432-0746

M1 - A136

ER -