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Determination of the parton distribution functions of the proton from ATLAS measurements of differential W± and Z boson production in association with jets

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Article number223
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>29/07/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of High Energy Physics
Issue number7
Volume2021
Number of pages44
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This article presents a new set of proton parton distribution functions, ATLASepWZVjet20, produced in an analysis at next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD. The new data sets considered are the measurements of W+ and W− boson and Z boson production in association with jets in pp collisions at s = 8 TeV performed by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC with integrated luminosities of 20.2 fb−1 and 19.9 fb−1, respectively. The analysis also considers the ATLAS measurements of differential W± and Z boson production at s = 7 TeV with an integrated luminosity of 4.6 fb−1 and deep-inelastic-scattering data from e±p collisions at the HERA accelerator. An improved determination of the sea-quark densities at high Bjorken x is shown, while confirming a strange-quark density similar in size to the up- and down-sea-quark densities in the range x ≲ 0.02 found by previous ATLAS analyses. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]