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Discrimination of plant volatile signatures by an electronic nose: a potential technology for plant pest and disease monitoring

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Discrimination of plant volatile signatures by an electronic nose : a potential technology for plant pest and disease monitoring. / Laothawornkitkul, Jullada; Moore, Jason P.; Taylor, Jane E.; Possell, Malcolm; Gibson, Tim D.; Hewitt, C. N.; Paul, Nigel D.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 42, No. 22, 2008, p. 8433-8439.

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@article{9953343badd24eb5a35270a06d78283c,
title = "Discrimination of plant volatile signatures by an electronic nose: a potential technology for plant pest and disease monitoring",
abstract = "The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) profile emitted from plants often changes in response to environmental factors, and monitoring the change of such profiles could provide a nondestructive means of plant health measurement. An electronic nose (e-nose) was used to discriminate among VOC bouquets emitted by cucumber, pepper, and tomato leaves subjected to mechanical damage or pest and disease attacks compared with undamaged control leaves. Principle component analysis, discriminant function analysis, and cluster analysis were applied to evaluate the data. The results indicate that the e-nose can discriminate among VOCs from undamaged leaves of the three tested species. It can also discriminate undamaged and artificially damaged leaves of the same plant species. In cucumber, the e-nose can discriminate among VOCs emitted from control, artificially damaged, and spider-mite-infested leaves. It could also discriminate among VOCs emitted from control, artificially damaged, hornworm-damaged, and powdery-mildew-infected tomato leaves. The relationships between the changes in volatile signatures detected by the e-nose to changes in the underlying chemistry of plant VOC signatures in response to applied stresses were quantified by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. We conclude that the e-nose had genuine responses to changes in plant VOC signatures and can successfully discriminate them. These studies demonstrate the potential use of such e-nose technology as a real time pest and disease monitoring system in agricultural and horticultural settings.",
keywords = "INSECT DAMAGE, TOMATO, INFECTION, EMISSIONS, AGE",
author = "Jullada Laothawornkitkul and Moore, {Jason P.} and Taylor, {Jane E.} and Malcolm Possell and Gibson, {Tim D.} and Hewitt, {C. N.} and Paul, {Nigel D.}",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1021/es801738s",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "8433--8439",
journal = "Environmental Science and Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "22",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Discrimination of plant volatile signatures by an electronic nose

T2 - a potential technology for plant pest and disease monitoring

AU - Laothawornkitkul, Jullada

AU - Moore, Jason P.

AU - Taylor, Jane E.

AU - Possell, Malcolm

AU - Gibson, Tim D.

AU - Hewitt, C. N.

AU - Paul, Nigel D.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) profile emitted from plants often changes in response to environmental factors, and monitoring the change of such profiles could provide a nondestructive means of plant health measurement. An electronic nose (e-nose) was used to discriminate among VOC bouquets emitted by cucumber, pepper, and tomato leaves subjected to mechanical damage or pest and disease attacks compared with undamaged control leaves. Principle component analysis, discriminant function analysis, and cluster analysis were applied to evaluate the data. The results indicate that the e-nose can discriminate among VOCs from undamaged leaves of the three tested species. It can also discriminate undamaged and artificially damaged leaves of the same plant species. In cucumber, the e-nose can discriminate among VOCs emitted from control, artificially damaged, and spider-mite-infested leaves. It could also discriminate among VOCs emitted from control, artificially damaged, hornworm-damaged, and powdery-mildew-infected tomato leaves. The relationships between the changes in volatile signatures detected by the e-nose to changes in the underlying chemistry of plant VOC signatures in response to applied stresses were quantified by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. We conclude that the e-nose had genuine responses to changes in plant VOC signatures and can successfully discriminate them. These studies demonstrate the potential use of such e-nose technology as a real time pest and disease monitoring system in agricultural and horticultural settings.

AB - The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) profile emitted from plants often changes in response to environmental factors, and monitoring the change of such profiles could provide a nondestructive means of plant health measurement. An electronic nose (e-nose) was used to discriminate among VOC bouquets emitted by cucumber, pepper, and tomato leaves subjected to mechanical damage or pest and disease attacks compared with undamaged control leaves. Principle component analysis, discriminant function analysis, and cluster analysis were applied to evaluate the data. The results indicate that the e-nose can discriminate among VOCs from undamaged leaves of the three tested species. It can also discriminate undamaged and artificially damaged leaves of the same plant species. In cucumber, the e-nose can discriminate among VOCs emitted from control, artificially damaged, and spider-mite-infested leaves. It could also discriminate among VOCs emitted from control, artificially damaged, hornworm-damaged, and powdery-mildew-infected tomato leaves. The relationships between the changes in volatile signatures detected by the e-nose to changes in the underlying chemistry of plant VOC signatures in response to applied stresses were quantified by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. We conclude that the e-nose had genuine responses to changes in plant VOC signatures and can successfully discriminate them. These studies demonstrate the potential use of such e-nose technology as a real time pest and disease monitoring system in agricultural and horticultural settings.

KW - INSECT DAMAGE

KW - TOMATO

KW - INFECTION

KW - EMISSIONS

KW - AGE

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=56449088892&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/es801738s

DO - 10.1021/es801738s

M3 - Journal article

VL - 42

SP - 8433

EP - 8439

JO - Environmental Science and Technology

JF - Environmental Science and Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 22

ER -