Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Domain-general mechanisms for speech segmentation

Associated organisational unit

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Domain-general mechanisms for speech segmentation: the role of duration information in language learning

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Domain-general mechanisms for speech segmentation : the role of duration information in language learning. / Frost, Rebecca Louise Ann; Monaghan, Padraic John; Tatsumi, Tomoko.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol. 43 , No. 3, 03.2017, p. 466-476.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Frost, RLA, Monaghan, PJ & Tatsumi, T 2017, 'Domain-general mechanisms for speech segmentation: the role of duration information in language learning', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, vol. 43 , no. 3, pp. 466-476. https://doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000325

APA

Vancouver

Frost RLA, Monaghan PJ, Tatsumi T. Domain-general mechanisms for speech segmentation: the role of duration information in language learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 2017 Mar;43 (3):466-476. https://doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000325

Author

Frost, Rebecca Louise Ann ; Monaghan, Padraic John ; Tatsumi, Tomoko. / Domain-general mechanisms for speech segmentation : the role of duration information in language learning. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 2017 ; Vol. 43 , No. 3. pp. 466-476.

Bibtex

@article{370cab29185c4ff781a9afdebd2fd637,
title = "Domain-general mechanisms for speech segmentation: the role of duration information in language learning",
abstract = "Speech segmentation is supported by multiple sources of information that may either inform language processing specifically, or serve learning more broadly. The Iambic/Trochaic Law (ITL), where increased duration indicates the end of a group and increased emphasis indicates the beginning of a group, has been proposed as a domain-general mechanism that also applies to language. However, language background has been suggested to modulate use of the ITL, meaning that these perceptual grouping preferences may instead be a consequence of language exposure. To distinguish between these accounts, we exposed native-English and native-Japanese listeners to sequences of speech (Experiment 1) and nonspeech stimuli (Experiment 2), and examined segmentation using a 2AFC task. Duration was manipulated over 3 conditions: sequences contained either an initial-item duration increase, or a final-item duration increase, or items of uniform duration. In Experiment 1, language background did not affect the use of duration as a cue for segmenting speech in a structured artificial language. In Experiment 2, the same results were found for grouping structured sequences of visual shapes. The results are consistent with proposals that duration information draws upon a domain-general mechanism that can apply to the special case of language acquisition",
keywords = "iambic/trochaic law, language acquisition, speech segmentation, transitional probabilities, visual sequences",
author = "Frost, {Rebecca Louise Ann} and Monaghan, {Padraic John} and Tomoko Tatsumi",
year = "2017",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1037/xhp0000325",
language = "English",
volume = "43 ",
pages = "466--476",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance",
issn = "0096-1523",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Domain-general mechanisms for speech segmentation

T2 - the role of duration information in language learning

AU - Frost, Rebecca Louise Ann

AU - Monaghan, Padraic John

AU - Tatsumi, Tomoko

PY - 2017/3

Y1 - 2017/3

N2 - Speech segmentation is supported by multiple sources of information that may either inform language processing specifically, or serve learning more broadly. The Iambic/Trochaic Law (ITL), where increased duration indicates the end of a group and increased emphasis indicates the beginning of a group, has been proposed as a domain-general mechanism that also applies to language. However, language background has been suggested to modulate use of the ITL, meaning that these perceptual grouping preferences may instead be a consequence of language exposure. To distinguish between these accounts, we exposed native-English and native-Japanese listeners to sequences of speech (Experiment 1) and nonspeech stimuli (Experiment 2), and examined segmentation using a 2AFC task. Duration was manipulated over 3 conditions: sequences contained either an initial-item duration increase, or a final-item duration increase, or items of uniform duration. In Experiment 1, language background did not affect the use of duration as a cue for segmenting speech in a structured artificial language. In Experiment 2, the same results were found for grouping structured sequences of visual shapes. The results are consistent with proposals that duration information draws upon a domain-general mechanism that can apply to the special case of language acquisition

AB - Speech segmentation is supported by multiple sources of information that may either inform language processing specifically, or serve learning more broadly. The Iambic/Trochaic Law (ITL), where increased duration indicates the end of a group and increased emphasis indicates the beginning of a group, has been proposed as a domain-general mechanism that also applies to language. However, language background has been suggested to modulate use of the ITL, meaning that these perceptual grouping preferences may instead be a consequence of language exposure. To distinguish between these accounts, we exposed native-English and native-Japanese listeners to sequences of speech (Experiment 1) and nonspeech stimuli (Experiment 2), and examined segmentation using a 2AFC task. Duration was manipulated over 3 conditions: sequences contained either an initial-item duration increase, or a final-item duration increase, or items of uniform duration. In Experiment 1, language background did not affect the use of duration as a cue for segmenting speech in a structured artificial language. In Experiment 2, the same results were found for grouping structured sequences of visual shapes. The results are consistent with proposals that duration information draws upon a domain-general mechanism that can apply to the special case of language acquisition

KW - iambic/trochaic law

KW - language acquisition

KW - speech segmentation

KW - transitional probabilities

KW - visual sequences

U2 - 10.1037/xhp0000325

DO - 10.1037/xhp0000325

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 466

EP - 476

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

SN - 0096-1523

IS - 3

ER -