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Effect of particle loading on the stability of the water based iron-oxide nanofluids

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • A. Arifutzzaman
  • A.F. Ismail
  • A.A. Khan
  • M.Z. Alam
  • R. Saidur
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>24/01/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology
Issue number1
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1326-1333
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Dispersion stability is a crucial challenge for a nanofluid to obtained a uniform dispersion. The main aim of this research is to develop stability monitoring approach by experimental investigation of ultra violet-visible (UV-vis) absorbance of deionized water (DW) based ironoxide (maghemite: MH) nanoparticles dispersed nanofluids (MH/DW). Five different samples were prepared with increasing the loading of MH nanoparticles varied from 0.065 to 0.157 mg/ml in DW. Primarily digital photographs were captured to observed the sedimentation of MH/DW the nanofluids. A method was developed to monitor the quantitative stability of relative concentrations of MH/DW nanofluids. Optical absorbance measurements were conducted using UV-vis absorbancespectroscopy by varying the light wavelength from 200 to 800 nm. Photographs of MH/DW nanofluids after preparation of ~ 25 days shown uniform and there was no precipitation was visible in the suspensions. For a certain loading of MH particle, with the increasing wavelength absorbance was found to be increased. Absorbance peaks were created at wavelength of ~ 360 nm and then decreased monotonically with the increasing wavelength. The relative concentration of the MH/DW nanofluids was declined when increase the precipitation concentration with time due to slight agglomeration. After ~ 600 hours, the minimum and maximum precipitation rates were found ~ 0.27 and ~ 2.5 % for MH/DW nanofluid with the MH concentration of 0.065 and 0.157 mg/ml respectively. Amount of MH nanoparticle loading affects the rate of sedimentations of the produced MH/DW nanofluids.