Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Effects of species evenness and dominant specie...

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Effects of species evenness and dominant species identity on multiple ecosystem functions in model grassland communities

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Effects of species evenness and dominant species identity on multiple ecosystem functions in model grassland communities. / Orwin, Kate; Ostle, Nick; Wilby, Andy; Bardgett, Richard.

In: Oecologia, Vol. 174, No. 3, 03.2014, p. 979-992.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{666a14bb8acf4d9c8d114c0c7385c54a,
title = "Effects of species evenness and dominant species identity on multiple ecosystem functions in model grassland communities",
abstract = "Ecosystems provide multiple services upon which humans depend. Understanding the drivers of the ecosystem functions that support these services is therefore important. Much research has investigated how species richness influences functioning, but we lack knowledge of how other community attributes affect ecosystem functioning. Species evenness, species spatial arrangement, and the identity of dominant species are three attributes that could affect ecosystem functioning, by altering the relative abundance of functional traits and the probability of synergistic species interactions such as facilitation and complementary resource use. We tested the effect of these three community attributes and their interactions on ecosystem functions over a growing season, using model grassland communities consisting of three plant species from three functional groups: a grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum), a forb (Plantago lanceolata), and a N-fixing forb (Lotus corniculatus). We measured multiple ecosystem functions that support ecosystem services, including ecosystem gas exchange, water retention, C and N loss in leachates, and plant biomass production. Species evenness and dominant species identity strongly influenced the ecosystem functions measured, but spatial arrangement had few effects. By the end of the growing season, evenness consistently enhanced ecosystem functioning and this effect occurred regardless of dominant species identity. The identity of the dominant species under which the highest level of functioning was attained varied across the growing season. Spatial arrangement had the weakest effect on functioning, but interacted with dominant species identity to affect some functions. Our results highlight the importance of understanding the role of multiple community attributes in driving ecosystem functioning",
keywords = "Ecosystem services, Leaching, Multi-functionality, Net ecosystem exchange, spatial aggregation",
author = "Kate Orwin and Nick Ostle and Andy Wilby and Richard Bardgett",
year = "2014",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1007/s00442-013-2814-5",
language = "English",
volume = "174",
pages = "979--992",
journal = "Oecologia",
issn = "0029-8549",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of species evenness and dominant species identity on multiple ecosystem functions in model grassland communities

AU - Orwin, Kate

AU - Ostle, Nick

AU - Wilby, Andy

AU - Bardgett, Richard

PY - 2014/3

Y1 - 2014/3

N2 - Ecosystems provide multiple services upon which humans depend. Understanding the drivers of the ecosystem functions that support these services is therefore important. Much research has investigated how species richness influences functioning, but we lack knowledge of how other community attributes affect ecosystem functioning. Species evenness, species spatial arrangement, and the identity of dominant species are three attributes that could affect ecosystem functioning, by altering the relative abundance of functional traits and the probability of synergistic species interactions such as facilitation and complementary resource use. We tested the effect of these three community attributes and their interactions on ecosystem functions over a growing season, using model grassland communities consisting of three plant species from three functional groups: a grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum), a forb (Plantago lanceolata), and a N-fixing forb (Lotus corniculatus). We measured multiple ecosystem functions that support ecosystem services, including ecosystem gas exchange, water retention, C and N loss in leachates, and plant biomass production. Species evenness and dominant species identity strongly influenced the ecosystem functions measured, but spatial arrangement had few effects. By the end of the growing season, evenness consistently enhanced ecosystem functioning and this effect occurred regardless of dominant species identity. The identity of the dominant species under which the highest level of functioning was attained varied across the growing season. Spatial arrangement had the weakest effect on functioning, but interacted with dominant species identity to affect some functions. Our results highlight the importance of understanding the role of multiple community attributes in driving ecosystem functioning

AB - Ecosystems provide multiple services upon which humans depend. Understanding the drivers of the ecosystem functions that support these services is therefore important. Much research has investigated how species richness influences functioning, but we lack knowledge of how other community attributes affect ecosystem functioning. Species evenness, species spatial arrangement, and the identity of dominant species are three attributes that could affect ecosystem functioning, by altering the relative abundance of functional traits and the probability of synergistic species interactions such as facilitation and complementary resource use. We tested the effect of these three community attributes and their interactions on ecosystem functions over a growing season, using model grassland communities consisting of three plant species from three functional groups: a grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum), a forb (Plantago lanceolata), and a N-fixing forb (Lotus corniculatus). We measured multiple ecosystem functions that support ecosystem services, including ecosystem gas exchange, water retention, C and N loss in leachates, and plant biomass production. Species evenness and dominant species identity strongly influenced the ecosystem functions measured, but spatial arrangement had few effects. By the end of the growing season, evenness consistently enhanced ecosystem functioning and this effect occurred regardless of dominant species identity. The identity of the dominant species under which the highest level of functioning was attained varied across the growing season. Spatial arrangement had the weakest effect on functioning, but interacted with dominant species identity to affect some functions. Our results highlight the importance of understanding the role of multiple community attributes in driving ecosystem functioning

KW - Ecosystem services

KW - Leaching

KW - Multi-functionality

KW - Net ecosystem exchange

KW - spatial aggregation

U2 - 10.1007/s00442-013-2814-5

DO - 10.1007/s00442-013-2814-5

M3 - Journal article

VL - 174

SP - 979

EP - 992

JO - Oecologia

JF - Oecologia

SN - 0029-8549

IS - 3

ER -