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Electrochemical Properties and Electrode Reversibility Studies of Palm Shell Activated Carbon for Heavy Metal Removal

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>20/09/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Electrochimica Acta
Volume249
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)96-103
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date29/07/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The feasibility of palm shell activated carbon (PSAC) as an electrode for the purpose of wastewater treatment was studied for the first time using a common redox probe, Fe(CN)6 4−/Fe(CN)6 3− in 0.5 NaCl as the supporting electrolyte. Before the electrode reaction studies, the most suitable supporting electrolyte and the optimum percentage of carbon black (CB) was determined. This study reveals that the redox process was quasi-reversible while both PSAC electrodes with 20% and 30% CB showed a relatively low electron transfer resistance. A large background current due to capacitance was observed due to the porous characteristics of the PSAC electrode. A PSAC electrode with a 2 cm diameter was found to successfully remove 97% of Hg2+ from an initial concentration of 100 ppm after 3 hours of electrochemical treatment. Overall, this study proved that PSAC is a promising electrode material to remove metal ion from wastewater.