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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Production Economics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Production Economics, 246, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2022.108411

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Endogenous efficiency of the dynamic profit maximization in the intertemporal production models of venture behavior

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Article number108411
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/04/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Production Economics
Volume246
Number of pages19
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date10/02/22
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

How do ventures manage adjustment costs, input elasticities, and productivity growth? We draw on the intertemporal production decisions of ventures that are quasi-fixed, costly to adjust, and endogenous. Using a modified version of the Bayesian Exponentially Tilted Empirical Likelihood (BETEL) method adjusted for the presence of dynamic latent variables, the proposed moment-based multiple-equation estimation system incorporates dynamic and static optimality conditions derived from a firm's expected intertemporal profit maximization. Using reliable tax information data from a sample of 72,035 Portuguese ventures founded between 2010 and 2017, we find that the most important inputs are labor, equity, and inventories. However, the technical change is small, as is productivity growth at 1.1%. Adjustment costs for efficiency vary from 15% to 30%. However, adjustments to capital stocks are much higher, ranging from 24% to 30%. Ventures have a high degree of labor input elasticity (0.64) but much lower elasticities for equity (0.108), inventories (0.063), capital (0.044), and advertising (0.048). The findings provide an understanding of the intertemporal behavior of ventures in managing adjustment costs, input elasticities, and productivity growth where adjustments to efficiency are “cheaper” than adjustments to capital. Labor elasticity is the highest, and productivity growth is very small.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Production Economics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Production Economics, 246, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2022.108411