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Evidence for merger-driven growth in luminous, high-z, obscured AGNs in the CANDELS/COSMOS field

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  • J. L. Donley
  • J. Kartaltepe
  • D. Kocevski
  • M. Salvato
  • P. Santini
  • H. Suh
  • F. Civano
  • A. M. Koekemoer
  • J. Trump
  • M. Brusa
  • C. Cardamone
  • A. Castro
  • M. Cisternas
  • C. Conselice
  • D. Croton
  • N. Hathi
  • C. Liu
  • R. A. Lucas
  • P. Nair
  • D. Rosario
  • D. Sanders
  • C. Villforth
  • D. M. Alexander
  • E. F. Bell
  • S. M. Faber
  • N. A. Grogin
  • J. Lotz
  • D. H. Mcintosh
  • T. Nagao
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Article number63
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/01/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>The Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Volume853
Number of pages12
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

While major mergers have long been proposed as a driver of both active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity and the MBH bulge –s relation, studies of moderate to high-redshift Seyfert-luminosity AGN hosts have found little evidence for enhanced rates of interactions. However, both theory and observation suggest that while these AGNs may be fueled by stochastic accretion and secular processes, high-luminosity, high-redshift, and heavily obscured AGNs are the AGNs most likely to be merger-driven. To better sample this population of AGNs, we turn to infrared selection in the CANDELS/COSMOS field. Compared to their lower-luminosity and less obscured X-ray-only counterparts, IR-only AGNs (luminous, heavily obscured AGNs) are more likely to be classified as either irregular (50 %12 12 - + versus 9- + 2 5 %) or asymmetric (69 %13 9 - + versus 17 %4 6 - + ) and are less likely to have a spheroidal component (31 %9 13 - + versus 77 %6 4 - + ). Furthermore, IR-only AGNs are also significantly more likely than X-ray-only AGNs (75 %13 8 - + versus 31 %6 6 - + ) to be classified either as interacting or merging in a way that significantly disturbs the host galaxy or as disturbed, though not clearly interacting or merging, which potentially represents the late stages of a major merger. This suggests that while major mergers may not contribute significantly to the fueling of Seyfertluminosity AGNs, interactions appear to play a more dominant role in the triggering and fueling of high-luminosity heavily obscured AGNs.

Bibliographic note

The final version is © 2018 The American Astronomical Society, and is available at AAS/IOP via https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa9ffa