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Experimental investigation of the behavior of UHPCFST under repeated axial tension

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print
  • C. Yu
  • M. Yu
  • L. Xu
  • Y. Yang
  • J. Ye
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Article number118293
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/09/2024
<mark>Journal</mark>Engineering Structures
Volume314
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date7/06/24
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

A ultra-high performance concrete filled steel tube (UHPCFST) is a composite structural component that extends the performance of both steel and concrete. It is a promising component to be used in a diagrid structure to further reduce self-weight. Compared with the research on compressive performance of UHPCFST, there is a lack of knowledge on the mechanical behavior of UHPCFST under axial tension. This paper fills this knowledge gap by carrying out experiments on UHPCFST subjected to monotonic and repeated tension. The test parameters are steel tube thickness and volume fraction of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC). The failure modes, load-strain curves, tensile strength and tensile stiffness are studied in detail. Stiffness degradation is also studied. The test results show that: (1) under axial tension load, a UHPCFST typically experiences fracture failure of the outer steel tube, followed by section fracture of the UHPC, and notable deformation before a final ductile failure; (2) tensile strength increases with the increase of the thickness of the steel tube, while it is less obvious in a UHPCFST with a higher steel ratio; (3) the force-strain curve of a UHPCFST under monotonical axial tension is close to that of the UHPCFST under repeated axial tension, suggesting that the accumulated damage during unloading and reloading is limited. An exponential decay formula is proposed to predict stiffness degradation observed in the repeated axial tensile tests. It is found that the design codes from Europe, USA, and China underestimate tensile strength and stiffness of UHPCFST. Finally, a three-phase empirical model is proposed for the load-strain curve of UHPCFST under tension.